Wireless Hacking Tools

Wireless hacking tools are of two types. One can be used to sniff the network and monitor what is happening in the network. The other kind of tool is used to hack WEP/WPA keys. These are the popular tools used for wireless password cracking and network troubleshooting.

Wireless Hacking Tools

Wireless hacking tools are of two types. One can be used to sniff the network and monitor what is happening in the network. The other kind of tool is used to hack WEP/WPA keys. These are the popular tools used for wireless password cracking and network troubleshooting.

1. Aircrack-ng

One of the most well-liked wireless password cracking programs for 802.11a/b/g WEP and WPA is called Aircrack-ng. By collecting packets, Aircrack-ng employs the best methods to recover wireless passwords. When there are sufficient numbers of packets, it tries to discover the password. It uses a typical FMS attack with some tweaks to speed up the attack.

The company behind the tool also offers an online tutorial where you can learn how to install and use this tool to crack wireless passwords. It comes as Linux distribution, Live CD and VMware image options. You can use any of these. It supports most of the wireless adapters and is almost guaranteed to work. If you are using a Linux distribution, the only drawback of the tool is that it requires deeper knowledge of Linux. If you are not comfortable with Linux, you will find it hard to use this tool. In this case, try Live CD or VMWare image. VMWare Image needs less knowledge, but it only works with a limited set of host OS, and only USB devices are supported.

Before you start using this too, confirm that the wireless card can inject packets. Then start WEP cracking. Read the online tutorial on the website to know more about the tool. If you follow the steps properly, you should be able to successfully crack a Wi-Fi network protected with WEP.

Download Aircrack-ng: http://www.aircrack-ng.org/ 

2. Wifite

Wifite is a Python script designed to simplify wireless security auditing. It runs existing wireless hacking tools for you, eliminating the need to memorize and correctly use the different tools with their various options.

Wifite2 is a complete rewrite of the original Wifite tool. It is designed to work on the Kali Linux and ParrotSec Linux distros. Before running Wifite, it is recommended to install their optional tools as they are essential for running some of the supported attacks.

Download Wifite2: https://github.com/derv82/wifite2

3. Kismet

Kismet is free software written in C++ that can be used to sniff TCP, UDP, DHCP, and ARP packets. It is a passive tool and does not interact with the network. It has the ability to find hidden networks and is used in wardriving kind of activities. The captured packets can be exported to WireShark and can be further analyzed. It is available for Linux, Windows, and a few other platforms. 

Kismet is supported on all operating systems (using WSL on Windows) and is actively supported. The last 2020 release significantly re-architected the system to improve performance and add new features.

Download Kismet: http://www.kismetwireless.net/

4. Wifiphisher

Wifiphisher is a tool designed to perform man-in-the-middle attacks by exploiting Wi-Fi association. By convincing wireless users to connect to the rogue access point, Wifiphisher provides an attacker with the ability to intercept and monitor or modify their wireless traffic.

Wifiphisher also enables an attacker to launch web phishing attacks. These can be used to collect user credentials for third-party sites or Wi-Fi network credentials. Additionally, Wifiphisher is designed to be modular, enabling advanced users to write custom code to expand its capabilities.

Download Wifiphisher: https://github.com/wifiphisher/wifiphisher

5. inSSIDer

inSSIDer is a popular Wi-Fi scanner for Microsoft Windows and OS X operating systems. The inSSIDer wi-fi scanner can do various tasks, including finding open Wi-Fi access points, tracking signal strength and saving logs with GPS records.

inSSIDer works on a freemium model. Basic functionality is available for free, but certain features require a paid membership.

Download inSSIDer: https://www.metageek.com/products/inssider/

6. Wireshark

The network protocol analyzer is called Wireshark. You can use it to monitor network activity. You can live-capture packets, perform a high-level inspection on them, or view the values of specific fields included within a packet. In addition to others, it runs on Windows, Linux, OS X, Solaris, and FreeBSD.

Wireshark is designed to be user-friendly but has a great deal of functionality under the hood. It is most useful if you have a strong understanding of network protocols and can effectively interpret the traffic that you are seeing.

Download Wireshark: https://www.wireshark.org/ 

7. CoWPAtty

CoWPAtty is an automated dictionary attack tool for WPA-PSK. It runs on Linux OS. This program has a command-line interface and runs on a word list that contains the password to use in the attack.

Using the tool is simple, but it is slow. That’s because the hash uses PBKDF2 with 4096 iterations to generate a potential passphrase from a network SSID and password. Since each calculation of PBKDF takes time, this makes a brute force password guessing attack very slow.

However, CoWPAtty does have a rainbow table designed to mitigate this issue. Since many routers have common SSIDs, pre-computed tables have been generated for these SSIDs and common passwords. If the target network is one of these, testing it against the precomputed dictionary is much faster.

Download CoWPAtty: http://sourceforge.net/projects/cowpatty/

8. AirJack

AirJack is a Wi-Fi 802.11 packet injection tool. This wireless cracking tool is very useful in injecting forged packets and taking a network down via a denial of service attack. This tool can also be used for a man-in-the-middle attack on the network.

Download AirJack: http://sourceforge.net/projects/airjack/

9. Airgeddon

Airgeddon is designed to be an all-in-one tool for security analysis of wireless networks. To accomplish this, it integrates several existing tools and provides a single command-line interface for all of them. This helps to reduce the complexity of performing Wi-Fi security audits because Airgeddon’s CLI walks you through the process and handles interactions with all of the underlying tools.

Download Airgeddon: https://github.com/v1s1t0r1sh3r3/airgeddon

10. OmniPeek

OmniPeek is another nice packet sniffer and network analyzer tool. This tool is commercial and supports only Windows operating systems.

OmniPeek is included on this list despite being a commercial tool due to the extensive feature set. This tool is intended to be an all-in-one Wi-Fi network management solution and includes packet capture, protocol decoding, network diagnostics and troubleshooting and even playback and analysis of voice and video traffic for diagnostic purposes.

Download OmniPeek: https://www.liveaction.com/products/omnipeek-network-protocol-analyzer/

11. CommView for WiFi

CommView for WiFi is another popular wireless monitor and packet analyzer tool. It comes with an easy-to-understand GUI. It works fine with 802.11 a/b/g/n/ac networks. It captures every packet and displays useful information as a list. You can get useful information like access points, stations, signal strength, network connections and protocol distribution.

Captured packets can be decrypted by user-defined WEP or WPA keys.

This tool is basically for Wi-Fi network admins, security professionals, home users who want to monitor their Wi-Fi traffic and programmers working on software for wireless networks.

Download CommView: http://www.tamos.com/products/commwifi/

12. CloudCracker

CloudCracker is an online password cracking tool for cracking WPA-protected Wi-Fi networks. This tool can also be used to crack different password hashes. Just upload the handshake file, enter the network name, and start the tool. This tool has a huge dictionary of around 300 million words to perform attacks.

Try Cloudcracker: https://crack.sh/

13. Kali Linux NetHunter

The tools mentioned so far have been concentrated on desktop wifi hacking. But the popularity of mobile devices has also sparked the development of a number of hacking tools for smartphones and other similar devices.

Kali Linux NetHunter is one example of such an app. It is a fully open-source Android penetration platform that is designed to run on Nexus phones. In addition to Wi-Fi-focused tools, NetHunter also includes a complete Kali Linux toolset.

Download Kali NetHunter: https://www.kali.org/kali-linux-nethunter/  

14. AirSnort

AirSnort is free WiFi hacking software that captures the packets and tries to decrypt the keys. The monitoring is done in promiscuous mode and records enough packets to reliably decrypt the key. It is a simple tool and supports both Windows and Linux platforms. Further development and maintenance of this tool has been discontinued but the older version can still be downloaded. 

Download AirSnort: https://osdn.net/projects/sfnet_airsnort/downloads/airsnort/airsnort-0.2.6/airsnort-0.2.6.tar.gz/

Choosing the right tool for Wi-Fi security testing

Attempting to gain unauthorized access to wireless networks is illegal in most jurisdictions. If you want to practice with these tools, use a wireless network that you own or one where you have the permissions of the network owner.

Wireless monitoring and troubleshooting tools are basically for network admins and programmers working on Wi-Fi-based software. These tools help when some of your systems face problems in connecting to the network. They are also valuable for red teamers and penetration testers looking for potential vulnerabilities to exploit.