What is Android Architecture & Its Core Components? Explained

What is Android Architecture & Its Core Components? Explained

Android architecture is the combination of software and hardware components that make up an Android device. The main components of Android architecture are: – The Linux kernel – The Android runtime – The application framework – The applications

What is Android Architecture?

Android architecture is the heart of Android development. It refers to a process whereby software components are combined and packaged into a single unit that will be executed by a computer system.

Android architecture is based on the concept of component-based programming. This paradigm allows developers to build applications that are highly modular and reusable.

The Android platform consists of a number of key components, which include the Linux kernel, a set of libraries, an Android runtime, and a set of application frameworks.

The Linux kernel is the foundation upon which all other components are built. It provides basic services such as memory management, process management, and device drivers.

The set of libraries included with the Android platform provide many higher-level services. These services include SQLite for database access, WebKit for web browsing, and SSL for secure communications.

The Android runtime environment is responsible for executing code written in Java. The runtime environment includes a set of core libraries that provide most of the functionality required by applications written in Java. In addition to the core libraries, the runtime environment also includes a virtual machine (VM) that executes bytecode generated by the Java compiler.

The Android SDK provides a set of tools and APIs that allow you to develop applications for the Android platform. The SDK includes a complete set of development tools such as a debugger, compiler, documentation generator, and emulators.

The Core Components of Android Architecture

The Android architecture is a layered architecture that consists of four main components: the Linux kernel, the libraries, the Android Runtime, and the applications.

The Linux kernel is the foundation of the Android architecture. It provides a basic level of functionality for the device. The kernel is responsible for managing memory, processes, and networking.

The libraries are a set of reusable components that provide common functionality for Android applications. The most important library is the Android Runtime (ART). ART provides a set of core libraries that enable Android applications to run on a device. ART also includes a set ofdalvik virtual machine (DVM) and just-in-time (JIT) compiler to execute code on a device.

The Android Runtime is the layer between the application and the hardware. It contains all of the necessary components to run an Android application on a device. These components include:

• Dalvik Virtual Machine: The DVM executes code in Dex bytecode format. Dex bytecode is optimized for efficient execution on mobile devices.
• Just-In-Time Compiler: The JIT compiler compiles Dex bytecode into native machine code on-the-fly. This enables fast execution of code without having to precompile it ahead of time.
• Core Libraries: The core libraries provide common functionality used by all Android applications. These libraries include support for data structures, math functions, graphics, audio, and more.

How Android Architecture Works

Android architecture is the process by which Android applications are designed and implemented. It is based on a set of principles that allow for a consistent, modular, and extensible design.

The Android architecture is based on four key components:

– The Android operating system
– The Android kernel
– The Android runtime
– The Android framework


Android architecture refers to the design of Android’s overall software framework. It includes the core components that make up the operating system, as well as how these components work together. The aim of Android architecture is to provide a robust, scalable and secure platform for mobile devices. The core components of Android architecture are the Linux kernel, middleware, user interface and applications.

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