Top 7 Popular Languages For Backend Web Development

Backend programming languages are becoming more and more helpful every day.. Choosing the correct backend...

Top 7  Popular Languages For Backend Web Development

Backend programming languages are becoming more and more helpful every day.. Choosing the correct backend programming language, whether you’re a beginner, a startup, or a large corporation, is difficult. In this case, we’ve collected a list of the best backend languages, as well as their advantages and disadvantages.

What Is Backend Development? 

The activities that take place on the back end of programs are referred to as backend development. Backend development involves server-side web application logic and integration, as well as activities such as building APIs, generating libraries, and dealing with system components, as opposed to frontend development, which focuses on customer-facing services and programs. Backend developers construct code that allows data to flow between a database and an application. Backend developers look after and manage a website’s backend, which includes databases, servers, and apps, and they are in charge of what you don’t see.

Let’s look at the best backend languages on the market today now that you know what backend development is.

Now let’s look at some specialized backend development languages and their applications.

Java

  • It’s world’s third most popular programming language.
  • Less beginner-friendly than other backend languages
  • Java developers make an average of $100,168/year

PHP

  • Powers 78.2% of all websites
  • Dynamically typed
  • Very forgiving of errors

.NET (C#, VB)

  • MVC (Model-View-Controller) architectural pattern
  • Can integrate with iOS, Linux, and Android
  • Highly stable and reliable

Ruby

  • Enables developers to create and launch apps quickly
  • Fantastic for prototyping
  • Grew in popularity in the early 2000s but has declined since then

Python

  • Fastest-growing programming language
  • Syntax is simple and easy to understand
  • Great for beginners

SQL

  • Most common query language
  • Used to interact with databases
  • Great for beginners

JavaScript

  • It may be used for both the front end and the back end
  • Very popular with a large community
  • Can be difficult to maintain and scale

TypeScript

  • Open source “superset” of JavaScript
  • 7th most used programming language
  • Developed by Microsoft to simplify JS code

Go

  • Statically typed, compiled programming language
  • Syntax is similar to C/C++
  • Created by Google

Backend Language 1: Java

Java is the world’s third most popular programming language, and for good purpose. Java is not just highly adaptable (it’s used in everything from smartphones to smart cards), but it’s also been around for almost 20 years.

The Java Virtual Machine is what makes Java so flexible (JVM). When a bit of code is compiled in several back end developer languages, it generates code that may behave differently depending on the platforms on which it is run.Because of the JVM, this is not an issue for Java. The Java Virtual Machine is an intermediate layer that allows code to execute on any machine, regardless of where it was written.

While Java is widely used by desktop and commercial software developers, it is not as user-friendly as a backend language such as Python. Java is less profitable for those just starting out since it is verbose and needs more code to build out functionality.

However, because of Java’s long history of popularity and wide range of applications, it has a sizable user base. As a result, any queries you have concerning this backend language will almost certainly be answered in forum posts and online courses.

WHAT YOU CAN DO WITH JAVA

Java backend techniques is used to fulfill a variety of goals, including the following and others:

  • (Android) mobile application development
  • Website development
  • Database connectivity
  • Image processing
  • GUI based programs
  • Networking

COMPANIES THAT USE JAVA

Some of the most well-known firms that use Java backend technologies involve:

  • Google
  • Netflix
  • Pinterest
  • LinkedIn
  • Uber
  • Evernote
  • Amazon
  • Instagram

AVERAGE SALARY FOR JAVA DEVELOPERS

As of March 2022, Java developers made an average of $106,050/year in the US.

WHERE TO LEARN JAVA: Java In 9 Hours Full Course

What the course covers:  From the fundamentals to complex ideas, Java is simply presented. “No fluff,” says Mosh, the course teacher. There will be no shoddy programming or phony shortcuts.”

Course facts:

  • Course Name: Java In 9 Hours Full Course
  • Platform: YouTube
  • Instructed by: Marcus Biel
  • Price: Free
  • Skill level: Beginner

Backend Language 2: PHP

PHP is being used by 78.2 % of all websites that use a server-side programming language that we are aware of. In 1995, when there were limited possibilities for creating dynamic webpages, the language was launched.

PHP

Because PHP is dynamically typed, you may come up with several solutions and workarounds for a single problem. It also signifies that the same line of code might have several meanings depending on context, making PHP systems difficult to scale and sluggish to perform.

For a variety of reasons, PHP is an excellent language to learn for individuals who are just getting started:

  • It is much more mistake, which means you can build and run a program until you hit a troublesome section.
  • As a result of the big community and tool support, there are several resources dedicated to the language. Because the language is updated frequently, make sure you’re using an up-to-date lesson.
  • In comparison to a language like Ruby on Rails, the setup is quite simple.You can download MAMP (for Macs) or WAMP (for Windows) and you should be ready to go in 5 minutes.

WHAT YOU CAN DO WITH PHP

According to the PHP website, you can: 

  • Collect form data
  • Generate dynamic page content
  • Send and receive cookies
  • Write command line scripting
  • Write server-side scripting
  • Write desktop applications

COMPANIES THAT USE PHP

Here are some companies using PHP in their dev teams:

  • Facebook
  • Lyft
  • Mint
  • Hootsuite
  • Viber
  • Buffer
  • DocuSign

AVERAGE SALARY FOR PHP DEVELOPERS 

As of February 2022, PHP developers made an average of $93,587/year in the US.

WHERE TO LEARN PHP: BUILDING WEB APPLICATIONS IN PHP

Coursera Building Web Applications

What the course covers:  By the end of this series of courses, you’ll be able to build your first PHP websites. Covers PHP arrays and control structures, functions, basic error handling, and more.

Course facts:

  • Course Name: Building Web Applications in PHP
  • Platform: Coursera
  • Instructed by: Charles Russell Severance
  • Price: $49/month (or audit for free)
  • Skill level: Beginner

Related: PHP Developer Roadmap For Beginners 

Backend Language 3: .NET (C#, VB)

Microsoft’s counterpart to Sun Microsystems’ (now Oracle) Java is ASP.NET. Backend websites are built with the web application framework utilizing languages such as Visual Basic (VB), C#, F#, and others.

Its MVC (Model-View-Controller) architecture style lets a controller handle backend development while interacting with a model to process data. The result is then supplied to the view as a frontend web page to be displayed.

.NET Core, which was released as open source in 2016, allows it to work with iOS, Linux, and Android. Because the code is extremely robust and dependable, it is a favorite choice among enterprises. Because it’s a Microsoft product, you’ll get a lot of help if you get stuck.

C#

C# is a high-level programming language, which means it allows programmers to create programs that aren’t limited to a single computer type. These languages read and write more like human languages than computer languages.

C# is popular among developers because it has the power of C++ (another backend language) but is easier to use because it error-proofs commands that tend to trip up C++ users.

Programmers on Stack Overflow have praised the language for its “cool syntax.”

VB

VB is a programming language that uses a graphical user interface (GUI) to modify code written in the BASIC programming language. It’s an easy language to start with because of its straightforward syntax and its widespread use. As a result, it’s often used for prototyping.

The drawback of backend coding with VB is the large amount of memory required to install and run GUI-based development tools.

WHAT YOU CAN DO WITH .NET

  • Build desktop applications
  • Create mobile apps
  • Build web applications and games
  • Work with Big Data
  • And more
Backend programming languages

COMPANIES THAT USE .NET

A few of the companies using .NET as a programming language:

  • Microsoft
  • Starbucks
  • Docplanner
  • Stack Overflow

AVERAGE SALARY FOR .NET DEVELOPERS

As of February 2022, .NET developers made an average of $94,612/year in the US.

WHERE TO LEARN .NET: C# AND .NET CORE FOR BEGINNERS ON UDEMY

Udemy C# for beginners

What the course covers: The fundamentals of the C# language and.NET Core, including everything from the syntax and structure of a C# program to deploying.NET Core console apps, and much more.

Course facts:

  • Course Name: C# and .NET Core for Beginners
  • Platform: Udemy
  • Instructed by: Pontus Wittenmark
  • Price: $109.99
  • Skill level: Beginner

Recommended Articles On Web Development

Backend Language 4: Ruby

Ruby on Rails (often referred to as Ruby) is a web development language based on the Ruby programming language. Ruby on Rails includes a collection of tools that make it easy to construct basic jobs (for example, you can create a simple blog with just one line of code).

Ruby requires less backend effort, allowing developers to quickly construct and deploy apps. It’s a lot like Python in that it’s great for prototyping. As a result, Ruby became more popular in the early 2000s, but its popularity has subsequently waned.

Ruby is open source, which means it can be modified and built upon.

WHAT YOU CAN DO WITH RUBY

  • Automate repetitive tasks
  • Build web applications 
  • Build mobile applications and games
  • Create prototypes
  • And more

COMPANIES THAT USE RUBY

Here are some of the companies using Ruby as a backend language:

  • Airbnb
  • Codecademy
  • TaskRabbit
  • Kickstarter
  • RapGenius
  • Scribd
  • AngelList

AVERAGE SALARY FOR RUBY DEVELOPERS

As of February, Ruby developers made an average of $117,140/year in the US.

WHERE TO LEARN RUBY: BASICS AND FUNDAMENTALS OF RUBY! ON MAMMOTH INTERACTIVE

mammoth Interactive become a web developer Page

What the course covers: At the end of this course you will have real-world Ruby apps to use in your portfolio, even if you’ve never coded before in your life. Covers everything you need to know about Ruby.

Course facts:

  • Course Name: Become a Web Developer: Learn the Basics and Fundamentals of Ruby!
  • Platform: Mammoth Interactive
  • Instructed by: John Bura
  • Price: $500
  • Skill level: Complete beginners

Backend Language 5: Python

Python is the quickest programming language for a reason. Both web and desktop developers utilize the flexible backend language. There are several tutorials and manuals available online, similar to those available for Java, making it one of the more accessible back end languages for people just getting started.

Furthermore, as compared to other backend developer languages, its syntax is simple and straightforward. On Stack Overflow, Python programmers praised it for its “elegant,” “readable,” and “beautiful” code.

Reasons to learn Python as a backend developer

As previously said, Ruby and Python have a lot in common. Both languages are object-oriented, dynamically typed, and open source. The biggest differences between the two are their popularity (Ruby is losing ground to Python) and the tools provided in Ruby’s language.

WHAT YOU CAN DO WITH PYTHON

Some of the most popular uses for Python include:

  • Cross-platform shell scripting
  • Quick automation
  • Simple web development

COMPANIES THAT USE PYTHON

Among the biggest companies using Python as a programming language are:

  • Uber
  • Pinterest
  • Mozilla
  • Spotify
  • Quora
  • Pandora
  • Netflix
  • Asana

AVERAGE SALARY OF PYTHON DEVELOPERS

As of February 2022 developers made an average of $113,682/year in the US.

WHERE TO LEARN PYTHON: COMPLETE PYTHON DEVELOPER IN 2022: ZERO TO MASTERY

What the course covers: Build 12+ real-world Python projects to show off in this course, one of which is an actual Python portfolio website where your prospective employer and clients may contact you.

Course facts:

  • Course Name: Complete Python Developer in 2021: Zero to Mastery
  • Platform: Datacamp
  • Instructed by: Andrei Neagoie
  • Price: Free
  • Skill level: Beginners

Recommended Article On Python

Backend Language 6: SQL

The most popular query language is Structured Query Language, or SQL (pronounced “sequel”). SQL is a language that is used to interface with databases.

Because SQL is a declarative language, it is ideal for newbies to learn. A declarative language allows programmers to ‘declare’ the outcomes they want to see without having to define the steps or procedure that will get them there.

For individuals who wish to take use of the richness of information held in databases, a query language like SQL is ideal.

WHAT YOU CAN DO WITH SQL

SQL is used to access, manipulate, and create databases.

Those that work with data on a regular basis will benefit from understanding SQL. Financial analysts, data-driven marketers, and internet entrepreneurs are all examples of this. SQL is a great place to start if you’re interested in diving into the realm of Big Data. Here is a list of occupations that utilize SQL the most as a source of inspiration.

COMPANIES THAT USE SQL

Considering SQL is a query language, it has a wide and widespread use. If a business or organization has a database, SQL is almost certainly being used to query it.

AVERAGE SALARY OF SQL DEVELOPERS

As of February 2022, SQL developers made an average of $87,148/year in the US.

WHERE TO LEARN SQL: Introduction to SQL

What the course covers: You’ll learn how to query data and shape results, as well as how to build and alter data in tables and modify tables themselves.

Course facts:

  • Course Name: Introduction to SQL 
  • Platform: Simplilearn
  • Instructed by: Simplilearn Team
  • Price: Free
  • Skill level: Beginners

Backend Language 7: JavaScript

JavaScript is a language that can be used on both the front end and the back end. It is not to be confused with Java.

It’s an excellent language for beginners because it’s a higher-level language with little setup (you can start coding in your browser).

Objects generated in this language are slow due to the language’s flexibility. As with most dynamically typed languages, it’s also challenging to maintain and scale.

However, because the language is widely used, the community is big, providing you with a wealth of information and job chances if you know JavaScript backend technologies like Node.js.

WHAT YOU CAN DO WITH JAVASCRIPT

JavaScript can be used to build many types of sites and software, including:

  • Websites
  • Mobile apps 
  • Desktop applications
  • Games
  • Web servers
  • Presentations
  • And more

COMPANIES THAT USE JAVASCRIPT

Famous companies using JavaScript include:

  • Airbnb
  • Codecademy
  • HotelTonight
  • eBay
  • Square
  • Asana

AVERAGE SALARY OF JAVASCRIPT DEVELOPERS

As of February 2022, JavaScript developers made an average of $113,468/year in the US.

WHERE TO LEARN JAVASCRIPT: Learn JavaScript for Web Development On Udemy

What the course covers: A (cat-themed!) crash course in learning to code in JavaScript (with cat-related examples). 

Course facts:

  • Course Name: Learn JavaScript for Web Development
  • Platform: Udemy
  • Instructed by: Udemy Teacher
  • Price: $18.99
  • Skill level: Beginners

Backend Language 8: TypeScript

TypeScript is an open source “superset” of JavaScript that builds on JS’s foundation so you can develop higher-quality, less buggy code. It was developed by Microsoft to simplify JS code. It can be used in the backend with other JS technologies like NodeJS and Express.

According to Stackoverflow’s 2022 Developer Survey, TypeScript is the 7th most used programming language, with 30.19% of respondents saying they use it. TypeScript is an object-oriented programming language whereas JavaScript is a scripting language.

If you already know JavaScript, TypeScript should be fairly easy to learn!

WHAT YOU CAN DO WITH TYPESCRIPT

  • Make code easier to read and understand
  • Create dev tools for JavaScript IDEs and practices
  • Speed up development
  • Make JavaScript programming more reliable

COMPANIES THAT USE TYPESCRIPT

Top companies using TypeScript include:

  • Slack
  • Accenture
  • Medium
  • DoorDash
  • Canva
  • Walmart

AVERAGE SALARY OF TYPESCRIPT DEVELOPERS

TypeScript developers make an average of $125,000/year in the US.

WHERE TO LEARN : Understanding TypeScript – 2022 Edition

What the course covers: You’ll learn how to apply JavaScript syntax to TypeScript’s type system. This will help you build your own programming experience and give your code more structure. You’ll also learn how to use TypeScript’s linter to reduce compilation errors and speed up workflow.

Course facts:

  • Course Name: Understanding TypeScript – 2022 Edition
  • Platform: Udemy
  • Price: $13.99
  • Skill level: Beginners 

Backend Language 9: Go

Go is a statically typed, compiled programming language developed by Google. It is often known as “Golang.” It was released to the public in 2009. Its syntax is similar to C/C++, but Go also provides memory safety, garbage collection, and other features that make it great for backend programming. It also makes code more readable than C does, like Python or JS.

Go is a fast backend programming language since it can translate its source code to machine code in its own compiler. It also has a feature that simplifies the bug identification process.

???? WHAT YOU CAN DO WITH GOLANG

  • Build web applications
  • Server-side development
  • Cloud-native development
  • Machine learning applications

???? COMPANIES THAT USE GO

Top companies using Go include:

  • Uber
  • Google
  • Pinterest
  • Shopify
  • Robinhood
  • Twitch

???? AVERAGE SALARY OF GO DEVELOPERS

Golang developers make an average of $135,000/year in the US.

???? WHERE TO LEARN GO: PROGRAMMING WITH GOOGLE GO SPECIALIZATION ON COURSERA

coursera progamming with google go specialization

What the course covers: What this 3-course specialty covers: You’ll study the fundamentals of Go, including data types, protocols, formats, and building code that integrates RFCs and JSON. You’ll be able to construct your own Go programs to put everything you’ve learned into practice.

Course facts:

  • Course Name: Programming with Google Go Specialization
  • Platform: Coursera
  • Price: $49/month (or free to audit)
  • Skill level: Intermediate (must have previous programming experience)

So, we’ve listed the most useful and recommended programming languages for backend web development that you should learn. Let us remind you, however, that before choosing any of the above-mentioned languages, you must evaluate a variety of specific factors such as your objectives, project needs, learning curve, and so on.