The Best 10 Backend Programming Languages

Computers and other smart gadgets were not used for the majority of the jobs we previously performed by hand on paper. In addition to being highly quick and convenient, it also produces excellent outcomes and increases production and efficiency. Speaking of excellent outcomes, they are all only made feasible by the robust backend development for applications utilized on PCs and mobile devices.

The productivity of these applications depends on how the backend of these applications is being developed. One of the factors responsible for this is the programming language used.

So, are you looking to know about the backend of an application and the languages to use to develop the backend of the application? Here we will be discussing everything you need to know.

What Is Backend Development?

The process of building the portions of software or websites that users don’t see is known as backend development. For quicker development, they make use of a backend framework, also referred to as a server-side programming language library or a server-side scripting language. The backend, also known as the data access layer, is where databases, servers, APIs, and backend logic are concentrated.

What Are Programming Languages?

Programming languages are collections of words and grammar rules used to give instructions to a computer or other computing equipment so that it can carry out specific activities. Numerous programming language varieties concentrate on particular features like unique syntax and keywords that structure the program instructions. C, Java, and Ada are a few of the more well-liked high-level programming languages.

What Programming Languages Do Backend Developers Use?

Python and Ruby are frequently used by backend developers, although knowledge of other programming languages is required because different languages have distinct purposes. The finest programming languages for backend development are listed below.

Types of Backend Programming Languages

Backend programming languages are usually categorized into two major types. We are going to discuss these types below!

  • Object-Oriented Programming

This method of backend programming places more emphasis on object or data structures than on logic. The object is regarded as a data field in functional programming because of its unusual properties. When programmers collaborate in teams on large-scale, intricate projects, object-oriented programming is the optimal strategy.

PHP, Java, Ruby, and Python are common examples of OOP backend programming. Regardless of many benefits, experts criticize OOP because of its complex scripting style. It also takes more time when it comes to assembling and writing the code.

  • Functional Programming

It is a different kind of back-end programming that places more emphasis on declarations and outcomes than on the actual programming process. FP has no side effects and supports parallel, immutable data. Therefore, FP is the solution if you wish to increase productivity and modularity, and resolve scripting concerns in the most simple manner.

SQL, R, Haskell, and F# are the famous FB backend programming languages that you can consider using. On the contrary, this backend programming language also has some limitations. Practicing difficulty for beginners, complex maintenance, and reuse are some major cons of using functional programming languages.

The Top 10 Backend Languages

There are several backend programming languages that developers are using nowadays for their projects. However, we share the most reliable and well-reputed top 10 backend languages here.

1. Python

A high-level, full-stack programming language, Python. It is also known as a multi-paradigm language, which explains why it is preferred by so many of the world’s largest internet companies, like Netflix, Google, and Facebook. It is ideal for beginning programmers and has an understandable, simple syntax. Additionally, Python provides front-end development frameworks.

Python is known as a cross-platform language because it can be written for Linux and will run on Mac OS. It is a perfect example of why this flexible language is good for desktop development and web development. It has an active community where you can learn backend development, backend development languages, and other development technologies.

2. Ruby

Ruby is an open-source, object-oriented scripting language. Midway through the 1990s, Yukihiro Matsumoto created it. Ruby and other scripting languages don’t communicate with the hardware directly. Instead, before information can be translated into code, it is written in text files and interpreted by an interpreter.

The program reads from the top to the bottom because of its procedural nature. As well, as an object-oriented language, it breaks out pieces of code and they become objects. These objects can be created and reused in different parts of a program and other applications.

3. PHP

An all-purpose scripting language is PHP. It is applied to the creation of dynamic and interactive websites. One of the first backend languages that was simple to embed in HTML was this one. PHP makes it simpler to offer many features without using external files for data to web pages. In its routine updates, PHP has gained additional capabilities and features.

The language became more popular because it is easy to start with. Without full knowledge of web development or experience in the field, people can create web pages using a PHP file within a short period. The syntax is simple with command functions that are user-friendly.

4.    JavaScript

Development is done in several fields, and one of the most popular types of development these days is web application and mobile application development. Speaking of these types of development, one of the most popular languages to code the backend is JavaScript.

Not that it comes with many amazing features, but the fact that it can be used for both the frontend and the backend of the applications makes it somewhat special. In this way, the users do not have to deal with a different language, and the learning curve becomes short.

Some of the most amazing features that it provides include dynamic typing, object-oriented programming, lightweight scripting, client-side validation of the application, and many more. On top of everything, the community of developers here is huge, which makes it an amazing backend coding language to start with.

5. Java

Another excellent programming language for developing the backbone of a website in Java. The development of enterprise-scale online apps as well as desktop, Android, scientific, and other types of applications is frequently done using object-oriented programming languages. The main benefit of utilizing Java is that it adheres to the Write Once, Run Anywhere (WORA) principle, meaning that Java code that has already been compiled can be run on any platform that supports Java without the need for further compilation. To put it more precisely, the Java code is first compiled into machine-independent byte code, and this machine-independent byte code then executes on the JVM independently of the underlying architecture.

6. C#

As the majority of developers begin their careers using C#, it is one of the most widely used programming languages. Because it is a general-purpose language, it can be used to create incredible backends for a variety of platforms and frameworks. In comparison to languages like Python and some other simple ones, it is a significantly lower-level language. But this place’s basement floor opens up a lot of opportunities.

An example of this phenomenon is that C# is the language that is used widely for developing the backend of games. What makes it easy to use for most of the tasks is that it comes with a huge list of libraries that you can easily use for different functionalities. So, if you search for a general-purpose language, the answer to all your questions is C#.

7. Perl

Another program you can use to create the frontend and backend of the applications is Perl. It is an established language for creating client-side applications. As a result, Perl may be used to create both the front end of the client side and the back end of the server side of a website.

8. Visual Basic

Visual basic is not the most popular backend coding language these days, but when you are looking to use Gi to develop software, it is the best choice you can go for. It works with a straightforward syntax, and it is easy to use as well,

9. Rust

Although Rust has only been around for more than ten years, it offers the greatest benefits when used for backend development. It adheres to the same syntax as C++. When utilized for backend programming, it is more concentrated on the performance and safety characteristics.

Using a syntax that most people already know and adding the necessary features of this era, it is a language that has been consistently gaining popularity as an amazing backend development language.

10. Golang

Go, sometimes referred to as Golang, is a compiled, open-source, statistically typed language developed by Google. The programming language is intended to be clear, powerful, and effective. It seeks to simplify the backend development process for those who are new to the industry.

It is known as one of the easiest programming languages, especially if you already have knowledge of any other computer programming language. Go can be used for different purposes like data science, web development, and even cloud computing.

11. SQL

SQL means structured query language. Databases are communicated using it. The management of relational databases frequently uses this language. Its statements can be used to carry out operations like data updating on a database or data retrieval from a database.

Which Programming Language Should I Learn First?

If you want to learn a simple and entertaining programming language, Python is always the best choice. Because Python is similar to the English language and doesn’t require you to immediately learn complex syntax rules, it is simple to understand even if you are new to programming.

Python is also ideal because it can be used for graphic user interfaces, cross-platform development, web development, and even software development. It has a higher demand than many programming languages because employers prefer it.

Is it Possible to Choose the ‘Wrong’ Programming Language?

Because each programming language has a specific use, it is impossible to pick the incorrect one. But if you want to focus on backend development, you must pick a programming language that will facilitate your work.

How to Learn Backend Development

You must understand the various elements that make up backend development in order to study it. Although there are training programs for backend development that can teach you the fundamentals, online coding boot camps for backend development are the best for acquiring real-world skills and obtaining relevant experience that can help you land a profitable job.

Learn Data Structures and Algorithm

Learning about data structures and algorithms is an important first step to take even though many backend developers skip it. It gives you a basic idea of the development process, so every other aspect will be easier to grasp. You don’t need in-depth training on data structures and algorithms, as basic information and understanding can help you in the long run.

Learn a Programming Language

Learning a programming language is the next stage. Pick the items that are most beneficial and in-demand in your specialized market. As studying multiple programming languages at once can be intimidating, start out by learning just one. Python, Ruby, PHP, and JavaScript are good first programming languages.

Learn a Framework

The framework you must master will depend on the programming language you use. Whether it is Ruby on Rails or Django, the Model View Controller paradigm is common among frameworks. The fundamentals of this framework will make it easier for you to comprehend the idea and use it in other contexts.

Build a Project

It’s great to start putting what you’re learning into practice to see how it may be applied to projects because practicing makes learning simpler. Anything is possible for your project, from a straightforward blog to a résumé builder or even a web app for a photo gallery. You can start working on more complex projects as you gain experience to add to your professional portfolio.

Conclusion

The choice of coding language is important because it can sometimes restrict the features and opportunities for adding functionalities. Therefore, you get the finest experience designing the application when you are clear about your precise requirements from the apps. By doing it this manner, you also have no trouble configuring an application feature.

So, we have mentioned the most recommended and worthwhile programming languages for backend web development that you can consider learning. However, let us remind you again that before picking out any particular language from the above-mentioned ones, you need to consider various individual aspects also like your goals, project requirements, learning curve, etc.  

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