According to the TIOBE Index, C is currently the second most popular programming language (behind Python), thus it might be worthwhile to learn! Additionally, in 2008, 2017, and 2019, it was named “Language of the Year.” For a coding language, that’s a very amazing 50 years of existence!
In this post, we’ll cover more about what the C programming language is, some reasons to learn C programming, a few C syntax examples, the best way to learn C, and more. You’re in the proper place if you’re a total beginner to this language! Here is a brief introduction to C programming for beginners.
What is C Programming Langauge?
C is a widely used, simple, and adaptable general-purpose computer language. It is a machine-independent, structured programming language that is widely used to create a wide range of apps, operating systems like Windows, and many more advanced programs like the Git repository, the Oracle database, the Python interpreter, and more.
It is said that ‘C’ is a god’s programming language. One can say, C is a base for the programming. If you know ‘C,’ you can easily grasp the knowledge of the other programming languages that use the concept of ‘C’
It is essential to have a background in computer memory mechanisms because it is an important aspect when dealing with the C programming language.
History of C Language
The history of the C language is interesting to know. Here we are going to discuss a brief history of the c language.
C programming language was developed in 1972 by Dennis Ritchie at the bell laboratories of AT&T (American Telephone & Telegraph), located in the U.S.A.
Dennis Ritchie is known as the founder of the c language.
It was developed to overcome the problems of previous languages such as B, BCPL, etc.
The C programming language was initially created for the UNIX operating system. Many features from earlier languages like B and BCPL are inherited by it.
Let’s see the programming languages that were developed before the C language.
Why Learn C Programming?
Why learn how to program in C? Learning C can actually make it easier to learn and fully understand other programming languages like C++, Java, or Python.
It gives you a solid understanding of how programming languages work since it is a base-level language that’s closer to the machine.
The grammar of the C language teaches you how to produce effective and quick code, making it a good first programming language that provides a solid foundation.
Reason Behind Popularity of C
There are many programming languages that enable developers to be more productive than with C for certain types of tasks. Working with JSON, XML, UI, web pages, client requests, database connections, media bias, and other things is made considerably simpler by the significantly bigger built-in libraries of higher-level languages.
Regardless, there are many grounds to anticipate that C programming will continue to be popular for a long time.
Portability and Efficiency
Everywhere can utilize the assembly language C. It is essentially compatible with current processor designs while being as close to the machine as possible. And there is at least one C compiler for almost every technology. Modern compilers produce highly efficient binaries, making it challenging to improve their output using hand-written assembly.
C’s ability to access arbitrary memory addresses and perform pointer arithmetic is a key feature that makes it ideal for system programming (operating systems and embedded systems).
At the hardware/software boundary, computer systems and microcontrollers map the peripheral and I/O pins into memory addresses. System applications must read from and write to those specific memory areas in order to communicate with the outside world. As a result, for system development, C’s ability to work with separate memory addresses is essential.
Resources Are Used in a Definite Way
System programming cannot rely on garbage collection or even dynamic allocation for some embedded systems, which is a common language feature. Apps that are embedded have a limited amount of time and memory. In real-time systems when a non-deterministic garbage collector call is not an option, they are widely employed. It is crucial to have supplementary memory management systems in place, such as the capability to place data in unique addresses using C pointers, if the dynamic allocation is not feasible owing to a lack of memory. Languages that heavily rely on dynamic allocation and trash collection would not be appropriate for contexts with limited resources.
How does C Programming Language Works?
A compiled language is C. A compiler is a specialized tool that compiles a program into a machine-readable object file. The linker will merge various object files when the compilation process is complete and produce a single executable file to run the program. The figure that follows depicts how a “C” program runs
You can use any of the many compilers that are now available online. The capabilities necessary to run both “C” and “C++” programs are provided by the majority of compilers, and the functionality will never diverge.
Following is the list of popular compilers available online:
- Clang compiler
- MinGW compiler (Minimalist GNU for Windows)
- Portable ‘C’ compiler
- Turbo C
Is It Difficult to Learn C?
C is actually considered a simpler language when compared to other programming options. In fact, many programmers learn it before moving on to more complex languages.
You’ll need the patience to learn it, just like with any ability, but it shouldn’t be too challenging! Once you have a solid understanding of how computers actually operate, you can go on to a “harder” language that won’t appear as challenging.
All things considered, it can open a lot of doors to learning C programming! It could be an excellent language to add to your arsenal.
C is a great choice for low-level development of operating system kernels and embedded applications due to its accessibility to hardware, portability, and predictability of resource usage. It is the ideal choice for data manipulation tools with large complexity due to its versatility, effectiveness, and high performance. Today’s programming languages are far more advanced than C in many ways, but this does not imply that they are better than C in all respects. C continues to be the performance leader. We sincerely hope that this article has provided you with a good understanding of the C programming language and how we may apply it to our software development endeavors.