Malware detection is the process of scanning the computer and files to detect malware. It is effective at detecting malware because it involves multiple tools and approaches. It’s not a one-way process, it’s actually quite complex. The good thing is malware detection and removal take less than 50 seconds only.
How is it done? It is done using the following:
Signature-Based Detection uses virus codes to identify malware. Malware carries a unique code that is used to identify it. When a file reaches the computer, the malware scanner collects the code and sends it to a cloud-based database.
The database has a vast collection of virus codes. If the file code is found in the list, the database returns with a verdict that the file is malware. The anti malware denies the file from the computer and deletes it.
If there’s a new malware discovered, its code is added to the list.
Heuristics Analysis works differently. If Signature-Based Detection relies on virus codes, Heuristics applies rules to identify malware. It has established certain rules that files cannot violate.
Some of the possible rules are:
- Camera manipulation is prohibited
- Direct access to the hard drive is not allowed
Heuristics has also set a numerical value that determines if the file is suspicious. If the score meets the assigned point, it is flagged as a threat.
Sandbox is a protected cell within the computer the anti malware creates to contain any suspicious or unknown file. This prevents malware infection because the file runs without infecting the other programs in the computer.
Inside the sandbox, the file is observed and analyzed further to determine if it’s harmful or safe. If the file is legit, it is released, but if it’s malicious it is denied.
Lastly, when the threat is identified, it must be deleted from the computer. Here come the Removal Tools that eliminate the malware immediately. Now, the malicious file is deleted from the computer; the files and important information are perfectly safe.
The malware detection process ends here. The process starts every time a new file enters the computer. This must be done to prevent malware infection.
Now that we know what is malware detection. How do we do it on the computer?
Anti Malware Software
Malware Detection is done using an anti malware software. The anti malware is a program that is designed to fight against malware. It protects the computer and ensures that it is malware free by scanning it regularly.
A computer without an anti malware software is vulnerable to malware attack. Hackers target computers and networks with a poor security feature. If malware sometimes gets past a security software, how much more a computer without an anti malware installed?