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Introduction to Android, Its History and Different Versions

Android is a Linux-based operating system for mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers. It is developed by the Open Handset Alliance, led by Google, and other companies. Android was unveiled in 2007, with the first commercial Android device launched in September 2008. The operating system has since gone through multiple major releases, with the current version being 8.0 “Oreo”, released in August 2017. Different versions of Android are used on a variety of devices, including smartphones, tablets, wearables, automobiles, televisions and more.

What is Android?

Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google. It is based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software, and is designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.

In addition to touchscreen devices, Google has also used Android for televisions, digital cameras, game consoles, and other electronics. Android has been the best-selling OS worldwide on smartphones since 2011 and on tablets since 2013. As of May 2017, it has over two billion monthly active users, the largest installed base of any operating system, and as of December 2018, the Google Play Store featured over 3.5 million apps.

Android’s History

Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google. It is based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software, and is designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.

Android was developed by Android Inc., which Google bought in 2005. Android was unveiled in 2007, with the first commercial Android device launched in September 2008. The most recent version of Android is 9.0 “Pie”, released in August 2018.

Android has been the best-selling OS worldwide on smartphones since 2011 and on tablets since 2013. As of May 2017, it has over two billion monthly active users, with 86% of them located outside the United States.

The Different Versions of Android

Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google. Android is based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software, and is designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.

Android has been the best-selling OS worldwide on smartphones since 2011 and on tablets since 2013. As of May 2017, it has over two billion monthly active users, the largest installed base of any operating system, and as of December 2018, the Google Play Store featured over 2.6 million apps.

The first public release of Android 1.0 occurred with the release of the T-Mobile G1 (HTC Dream) in October 2008. Android 1.0 was not released under a specific code name, but was simply referred to as “Version 1.0”. The first commercial version, Android 1.1, was released on February 9, 2009, exclusively on the T-Mobile G1. Android 1.1 was known as “Petit Four” internally, though this name was not used officially until Version 1.5 (“Cupcake”), when petit fours were served at the Google I/O developers conference to mark its official release.

Subsequent versions were released in 2009: Android 1.5 (“Cupcake”), Android 1.6 (“Donut”), Android 2.0 (“Eclair”), Android 2.2 (“Froyo”), Android 2.3 (“Gingerbread”), Android 3.0 (“Honeycomb”), Android 4.0 (“Ice Cream Sandwich”), Android 4.1 (“Jelly Bean”), Android 4.4 (“KitKat”), Android 5.0 (“Lollipop”), Android 6.0 (“Marshmallow”), Android 7.0 (“Nougat”), Android 8.0 (“Oreo”) and the current version, Android 9.0 (“Pie”).
Android 10 was released on September 3, 2019.

As of December 2019, 29.3% of Android devices run Android 10 (API 29), making it the second most popular Android version after Android 9.0 “Pie” (32.3%).

Android 11 was released on September 8, 2020.

The different versions of Android are:

1.0 – The first public release of the Android operating system, released in October 2008.

1.1 – The first commercial version of Android, released in February 2009.

1.5 – “Cupcake“, the first major update to the Android platform, released in April 2009.

1.6 – “Donut“, released in September 2009, which added support for higher-resolution screens and CDMA networks.

2.0 – “Eclair“, released in October 2009, which added a number of new features including a new browser engine, Exchange support, and an improved camera interface.

2.2 – “Froyo“, released in May 2010, which added support for Flash Player 10.1 and wireless tethering.

2.3 – “Gingerbread“, released in December 2010, which added support for near-field communication (NFC) and improved the user interface.

3.0 – “Honeycomb“, released in February 2011, which was specifically designed for tablet devices and added a number of new features including a virtual keyboard and improved multitasking.

4.0 – “Ice Cream Sandwich“, released in October 2011, which added support for larger screens and a redesigned user interface.

4.1 – “Jelly Bean“, released in July 2012, which added support for Google Now and improved performance.

4.4 – “KitKat“, released in October 2013, which added support for lower-end devices and a refreshed user interface.

5.0 – “Lollipop“, released in November 2014, which added a number of new features including a new notification system, Project Volta battery saving initiative, and a new runtime environment called ART.

6.0 – “Marshmallow“, released in October 2015, which added support for fingerprint sensors and USB Type-C connectors.

7.0 – “Nougat“, released in August 2016, which added support for Vulkan API, Daydream VR platform, and multitasking features.

8.0 – “Oreo“, released in August 2017, which added support for Picture-in-Picture mode and Notification Dots.

9.0 – “Pie“, released in August 2018, which added support for Adaptive Battery and Brightness, Digital Wellbeing dashboard, and gesture-based navigation.

10 – “Q“, released in September 2019, which added support for dark mode, live captioning, and gesture navigation.

11 – “R“, released in September 2020.

12. “Snow Cake” , released in 2021.

Pros and Cons of Android

There are many different versions of Android, each with its own pros and cons. Some of the more popular versions include:

Android Lollipop: This version is known for its Material Design interface, improved security features, and battery life. However, it has also been criticized for being buggy and slow.

Android Marshmallow: This version is known for its improved permissions system, Doze power-saving mode, and support for fingerprint sensors. However, it has also been criticized for being too similar to Lollipop and for having poor battery life.

Android Nougat: This version is known for its split-screen multitasking, improved notifications, and Vulkan graphics API support. However, it has also been criticized for being difficult to use and for having poor battery life.

How to Get Started with Android

If you’re new to Android and want to get started, this section is for you. We’ll provide a brief introduction to Android, its history, and the different versions available.

Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google. It is based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software, and is designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.

Android was first released in September 2008, and has since been updated multiple times. The most recent major release is Android 10, which was released in September 2019.

There are two main types of Android devices: stock Android devices, which ship with Google’s official version of Android; and custom Android devices, which ship with a customized version of Android that has been developed by the device manufacturer.

Stock Android devices include the Google Pixel line of smartphones, the Nexus line of smartphones and tablets, and the Android One line of smartphones. Custom Android devices include the Samsung Galaxy line of smartphones and tablets, the LG G line of smartphones and tablets, and the Motorola Moto line of smartphones and tablets.

If you’re looking for general information about using an Android device, we recommend checking out our “How to Use an Android Device” section. For specific instructions on how to get started with your particular device, we recommend checking out our “How to Get Started with [insert device name here]” section.

Conclusion

Android has come a long way since its humble beginnings as a small operating system for cell phones. Today, it is the world’s most popular mobile platform, powering billions of devices around the globe. If you’re new to Android, this article provides a brief introduction to its history and different versions. With so many different Android devices on the market, it can be confusing trying to figure out which one is right for you. But with a little research, you should be able to find the perfect Android device to fit your needs. Thanks for reading!

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