After having the required hardware and software in place, it is time for you to install some tools on your system to implement your skills.
It is one of the best-operating systems when it comes to practicing ethical hacking and learning penetration testing. You will find various types of tools in Kali Linux to fulfill most of your requirements.
John The Ripper
It is free software for cracking passwords. John The Ripper is the preference of numerous ethical hackers for penetration testing because it supports fifteen platforms.
This is a good tool for penetration testing of web apps. You can practice how to hack web applications in an ethical way.
It is another tool to prefer for application security testing. You can choose one from Burp Suite and OWASP ZAP.
Metasploit Framework (MSF)
Metasploit is an open-source project in the cybersecurity field, offering information about various vulnerabilities. It is also available as a tool that helps you in penetration testing and developing IDS signature.
This tool is mostly used by network admins for troubleshooting network issues, analysis, capturing traffic on local networks like Ethernet, Bluetooth, etc. You can use the WireShark tool for network pentesting to find and fix issues in the network that may cause loss of confidential data over an unencrypted network.
It is a free-to-use and open-source network scanner. You can use it for security auditing and discovering networks. It can also perform detection of operating systems and network ports.