Full Stack Web Developer Roadmap

When it comes to professional adaptability in today’s environment, no one better represents the phrase “versatile” than a Full Stack Developer. Full Stack Developers are the multi-talented specialists that every organization and brand seeks. They are well-versed in both frontend and backend web development.

Since the start of the digital era, an increasing number of businesses and organizations have used their websites to establish an unique online presence. Naturally, the field of web development is expanding at an unprecedented rate, resulting in a significant increase in the need for experienced and talented Full Stack Developers. If you consider doing full stack web development course to upskill yourself, check out upGrad & IIIT-B’s PG Diploma in Full-stack Software Development which has placement assurance or money back guarantee. 

What Is a Full Stack Developer?

It helps to have someone on the team who is a jack of all crafts when it comes to software programming. They have the adaptability and time management to support all levels of the development team at various stages of development. When it comes to web development, the Full Stack Developer is in charge. This isn’t a Back End or Front End developer, but rather a “Full Stack” developer who can do both.

What is a fullstack developer? Full stack developers are some of the most highly acknowledged specialists in the area of web development. They are web developers who are capable of working with both the front and back ends of a digital entity, which means they are generally knowledgeable in computer programming, user experience (UX) design, project management, and, in many cases, client communication. The need for full stack developers in a number of professional positions has expanded as a result of this specialized hybridization.

In this blog, you will find a complete fullstack developer roadmap . It is the go-to guide for organizing and selecting technologies to learn.

This post will mostly assist newbies, but it will also be beneficial to experienced coders who want to become full-stack web developers. If you’re already familiar with some of the technologies we’ll discuss, skip to the sections that will be most beneficial to you. Feel free to modify this plan to meet your specific requirements.

Front-end technology roadmap for full-stack web development

Below we have listed the common tools that you need to master as a full-stack developer. The roadmap herein will serve as a learning path for you if you want to make a career in it. 

Basic languages

HTML– HyperText Markup Language is the most basic and must know for any website you are creating. You define and structure the content of a website.

CSS– CSS is used for styling websites and adding layouts, fonts and colours. 

Javascript– JavaScript is a just-in-time compiled programming language. It helps in adding dynamic features to your website. This is used for both front end and back end operations.

Front-end frameworks

roadmap for full-stack development in 2021

BootStrap– BootStrap is an open-source framework for creating mobile-first, responsive websites. HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are all used. It allows you to create a website more quickly and simply. It supports JavaScript plugins and includes design templates for forms, buttons, tables, and navigation, among other things.

AngularJS– This a structural framework for dynamic web apps. The JavaScript-based open source web framework is maintained by Google and a community of corporations and individuals. They solve problems using a single-page application. It allows HTML to be used as a template language. Its data linkage and dependence significantly minimize the amount of code necessary.

ReactJS– Facebook and a collection of corporations, as well as individual people, maintain a JavaScript library. React is ideal for retrieving and recording rapidly changing data. It’s used to create single-page application user interfaces. It allows users to develop UI components that may be reused.

VueJS-This is yet another open-source JavaScript framework for single page applications and UIs. It is very compact in size and high on performance. The best option for new coders, it offers hand-picked the choicest features of other frameworks like Angular and React. It is known as the most approachable framework today. 

Backend Frameworks

Back end devloper

To design an application, developers require a back-end framework. It’s a dynamic application’s scripting side. Back-end frameworks come in a variety of shapes and sizes.

The table below summarizes the best backend framework for web development and continue reading to find granular information about each framework.

FrameworkProgramming LanguageFamous Use Cases
LaravelPHPDeltanet Travel
Neighborhood Lender
Ruby on RailsRubyZendDesk
FlaskPythonRed Hat

Express– Express.js is a Node.js framework for building web applications. It is a NodeJS module. It may be utilized in programs that are built on servers that listen for client connection requests. Single-page, multi-page, and hybrid web applications may all benefit from it. It’s quick, simple to use, and forceful.

NodeJS– NodeJS is an open-source, cross-platform in nature that runs across various platforms. it is a JavaScript runtime environment that executes JavaScript outside a browser.

Django– Django is a high-level Python web framework that follows model-template-view architecture. It is used to simplify the creation of complex, database-driven websites. It is fast and promotes a clean design. 

Ruby on Rails– Ruby on Rails is a Ruby language-based server-side web application framework. It provides default database, web service, and web page architectures. The architecture is model-view-controller. This is a somewhat difficult idea to grasp since you must understand various, distinct concepts.

Other Programming Languages

1. Python

Python is perhaps the most user-friendly programming language of any on this list. It’s often said that Python’s syntax is clear, intuitive, and almost English-like, which, like Java, makes it a popular choice for beginners.

Related : Python Tutorial | Learn Python Programming

2. PHP

PHP is one of the most popular programming languages for web development. Despite stiff competition from other languages like as JavaScript and Python, there is still a significant need for PHP developers in the market today. PHP is also a dynamic and general-purpose programming language that is used to create server-side applications. It is supported by an open-source platform that runs on Macs, UNIX systems, and Windows computers.

3. Go

Go is the little language that could, and it’s one of Google’s core languages. Go is a suitable low-level language for engineers who wish to work in the field of systems development. It has a lot of the same features as C and C++, but without the complicated syntax and steep learning curve. It’s ideal for creating web servers, data pipelines, and even machine-learning applications.

4. Java

Java is a powerful object-oriented programming language that can be used to create Android apps as well as desktop and online applications. It is a platform-independent multi-purpose programming language that has been widely utilized in a variety of organizations for decades. Because of its stability, it has been accepted by the majority of businesses. It’s one of the greatest languages for Web development in 2022, and you should study it.

Recommended Java Guides

Database system

In today’s scenario, there are tons of databases. Each company develops its own databases according to their requirements. 

The objective of this roadmap is to learn and become a database administrator.

MySQL, SQLite, Postgres– These are Relational Database management systems, and the data is stored in table-like schemes. This is good for storing business data. These use SQL

MongoDB, Cassandra, Apache storm, Sphinx– These are the NoSQL databases. Their only commonality is that they do not use a relational database scheme. This type of database covers a wide range of technologies and can be used to find key-value DB, graph DBs, streaming DBs etc.,

VoltDB and MemSQL– These are a new kind of database, the NewSQL. They follow the relational scheme but instead of disks, they use memory. the advantage is that they outperform the traditional RDBMS but the limited amount of memory available is definitely a downside to this type of database.

Additional skills recommended for full-stack web development


Git is the most widely used distributed version control system, and it is both quick and efficient. It can manage tasks of all sizes, from little to very large. It’s used to keep track of any modifications made to any code saved in its repository, as well as to coordinate amongst programmers. Before you begin, learn the fundamentals of git. As the most extensively used code repository, GitHub is a must-know for any aspiring programmer. In the full-stack learning course, a GitHub roadmap is essential.

Machine Learning

A subset of AI, machine learning is now being incorporated into various industries. It has entered the web development field in addition to being part of big data. This provides the ability to learn and improve without being explicitly programmed. ML is a good-to-learn skill for a full stack web developer.

Web Hosting Platforms

Web hosting platforms allow you to deploy your product on a cloud service provider so we can access it from the WWW. Popular ones are Amazon web services, Google cloud platform, Heroku, and Microsoft Azure.


Secure shell protocol is used to operate network services securely over an unsecured network. SSH provides a secured remote login from one computer to another. It ensures the privacy and integrity of data.


The HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is the protocol that the internet uses. It specifies how messages are sent and what actions web servers and browsers conduct in response to commands. The secure version of HTTP is HTTPS. Transport Layer Security is used to encrypt the communication protocol. It protects against eavesdropping and man-in-the-middle attacks.

Linux command

line basic-Although it is not mandatory that you possess this skill, it is good to know about Linux. It is not necessarily easy or hard to learn. Linux makes the job easier and saves a lot of time by organizing items on the back-end

Data structures and algorithms

An algorithm is a broad approach methodology for solving a problem or demand, whereas data structures are distinct ways of storing data. These are principles that every programmer should be familiar with. These aren’t essential talents, but the more intuitive you are with them, the easier it will be to solve problems and add needs. The effects may be seen in an application’s efficiency, scalability, and performance. These courses will be extremely beneficial to you as a full stack developer.

.Net and asp.net framework

.Net framework is used for building both web and server based applications. .Net roadmap is vital for industry standards. Asp.net is a subset of .net and is used primarily for simplifying dynamic pages on a website. Its roadmap is equally important in the front-end and back-end development.

Character encoding

Character encoding is a must learn if you are planning on developing global applications. If there is no proper character encoding, you might end up with unreadable text on display, and the data will not be properly processed and your content may not be found by search engines. 

Web Architecture

The technical, functional, and visual components of a website are all planned and designed as part of the website architecture (before it is deployed). It’s a tool that website designers and developers use to create and develop websites. As a result, full stack development and web architecture go hand in hand – full stack developers must understand how back end data is arranged in order to effectively produce a strong unified product, as well as how to divide files and where to do certain computational activities.

Critical Thinking

Web development is nearly synonymous with high-level problem solving — meaning that developers are usually expected to be skilled critical thinkers. A development project can often present an array of challenges, from software limitations to back end bugs, and developers should be prepared to navigate these matters with a comprehensive, solution-oriented mentality, improvising and trying unconventional approaches when necessary. Such thinking not only helps bring a project to fruition, but can also drive the growth of the collective web development team, setting a standard of tenacity and innovation for future projects.


In web development, patience is a natural complement to critical thought. When troubleshooting and testing experimental ideas, developers should stay cool and proactive (both with themselves and with their teammates). A solution to a difficult problem isn’t always obvious right away, and a little patience may help keep these efforts going and lead to a breakthrough. This ability is especially vital for novice developers, who will frequently require more time to establish themselves in the business.


Another important soft skill that full stack developers must have in order to do their jobs properly is communication. Developers may need to collaborate with customers, coders, domain managers, and other internal departments on any given day as they negotiate their own duties — and since some of these people may not be as tech-savvy as others, clarity and openness are essential. Web development is frequently a team endeavor, and cultivating this mindset may help new full stack engineers and their colleagues achieve long-term success.

Responsibilities of a Full Stack Developer

  • Development of front-end – With the help of HTML/CSS and JavaScript frameworks and libraries, the developer must be able to build interactive user interfaces. 
  • Design the application’s backend – He must be able to create a solid backend architecture for retrieving data from the servers.
  • Creating databases and servers – These systems must be resilient to outages and must function endlessly. 
  • Ensuring Cross Platform compatibility – Applications must run smoothly on all operating systems like Windows, MacOS, and Linux. 
  • API development is the responsibility of the developer, depending on the application architecture. These APIs are responsible for operations such as retrieving data from the server.Fulfill all technical and consumer criteria – The developer must be able to create responsive apps that meet the needs of customers and keep them engaged.

How much does a Full Stack Developer make?

In the United States, the national average compensation for a Full Stack Developer is $112,000. To discover Full Stack Developer salaries in your region, filter by location. Glassdoor has 3,512 Full Stack Developer salaries provided anonymously by Full Stack Developer workers.

Frequently Asked Questions

Here are the most frequently asked questions on Full Stack Developer.

  • Can I become a Full Stack Developer without any experience?

Yes, even if you have no prior experience, you can become a full-stack developer. Your odds of standing out from the crowd, on the other hand, will be determined by the amount of talents you have gained, such as HTML, CSS, Python, Database Management System basics, Ruby, Laravel, PHP, and so on.

  • What do you need to know to become a full-stack developer?

To become a full-stack developer, you must have a thorough grasp of front-end, back-end, and database programming. A full-stack developer is a member of the development team who is familiar with all three major aspects of web development.

  • For the front-end, you need to have skills like HTML, CSS, JavaScript, etc., and Basic Designing skills.
  • For Back-end, you need to have basic knowledge of languages like python, PHP, Ruby, etc, and working with web protocols like HTTP, SOAP, etc., and architectural style REST.
  • For Databases, have a proficient understanding of storage system servers like MySQL, Oracle, etc.
  • Which Full Stack is best?

MERN(MongoDB, Express, React, Node) Stack is commonly used by developers and companies these days. However, as a full-stack developer, you should keep knowledge of all different stacks like LAMP(Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP.) Stack, Django Stack etc, as every company has different demands and priorities.

  • Is a full-stack developer a good career?

Yes, if you want to work on both the front-end and back-end of a product application, being a full-stack developer is a smart choice. Employers are more eager to recruit such skilled people with numerous skill sets in today’s world. A full-stack developer’s professional path is littered with possibilities for learning and advancement.

  • How long does it take to become a full-stack developer?

To gain a basic knowledge of full-stack development, you’ll need at least 3-6 months. Although the learning period is never etched in stone, it is determined by your learning capacity and willingness to upskill.

  • Is a full-stack developer in demand?

Yes, full-stack development is quite in demand for its diversified role and proficiency in different skill sets.


To summarize, Full Stack Developers are highly trained professionals that can handle all aspects of web development. These abilities set Full Stack Developers apart from Frontend and Backend Developers.

“Happy Coding”

One Comment

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