Frontend developer roadmap

Frontend Developer – The Complete Roadmap for 2023

A software engineer that focuses in front-end development is known as a front-end developer. In addition to creating the user interface, they are in charge of ensuring speed and scalability, as well as harmony between design and functionality. Additionally, they guarantee that the website loads properly across all browsers (cross-browser), across all platforms (cross-platform), and across all devices, including computers, tablets, and mobile devices (cross-device).

The technologies and methods required to create a website’s front end are continually evolving. Because they are unclear about what they need to study, newbies who are attempting to enter the front end are sometimes perplexed by the abundance of these front-end tools and frameworks. This is the spot for you if you want to work as a front-end developer but don’t know where to begin. The tools, technologies, frameworks, and programming languages you should learn are covered in this article. We will cover the Front End Developer roadmap. You might also find it interesting to read about the top reasons to become a full stack developer article 

Note that the front end development roadmap presented in this article is not the only way to become a Front End Developer. This is simply a guide for those who are looking to start learning Front End Development. 

In 2022 however, front-end development has gone beyond HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. There are a lot of web technologies you need to learn to be able to excel as a front-end developer this year.

This article will cover all you need to get started with front-end development

What is a Front-End Developer?

A front-end developer is someone who is responsible for designing the site or application’s interface, as well as all interface presentation. This includes adapting CSS, HTML, JavaScript, React and other programming code to the design and ensuring it meets certain accessibility standards.

Front end developers are the backbone of the computer ecosystem. In order to maintain efficiency and provide a quality user experience, they implement web design with code in order to develop high-level software. However, a front-end developer does not simply produce software. They also have responsibilities for determining which features are needed for the project at hand and can typically help with writing functional specifications that facilitate better design. They might contact designers to initialize their work as well.

What are the important technologies are required to become a Front-End Developer?

  • HTML – HTML is a markup language that is primarily used to create web pages. It mainly consists of different tags to divide content and display headings, paragraphs, and images.
  • CSS – CSS is an acronym for Cascading Style Sheets and it is a set of rules used by designers to specify the appearance of HTML documents. CSS contains properties that enable layout, adjust typography, identify background images and colors, and specify a variety of other formatting features.
  • JavaScript – JavaScript is a programming language that is used to make websites faster at responding to a user’s every move. This means that a developer can make each and every website less resource intensive and interactive.
  • ReactJS – ReactJS helps in cutting down the production time by developing faster, simpler and best-in-class user interfaces.
  • SASS(Optional)Sass is an extension of CSS. It’s a syntax extension that allows UI developers to create and add variables into their code like they would in PHP or Python. Sass helps you write less code.
  • Knowledge of API – API stands for Application Programming Interface. It is a program that enables two different programs to communicate.
  • Git – Git is a version control used to store and track changes to code. It is primarily used for software development but can also be used for different kinds of media.

Fundamentals of Front-End 

For stepping into Front-End Development, the most essential skills you should have are HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. These skills are the bare minimum to start with Front-End Development. Note that front-end web development is not just limited to these three skills, there are many more technologies that you will need to learn to excel as a Front-End Developer in 2022. 

Let us look at these fundamental skills in detail. 

1. HTML – HyperText Markup Language   

HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language. It is used to form the “skeleton”, or the base, of any website. It lays out a website’s general structure and content. The elements that you see on the screen – buttons, images, sliders, date pickers, texts, lists, etc. are all added using HTML.   

2. CSS – Cascading Style Sheets 

CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets using which you can add styles to your web pages like colors, fonts, layouts, and animations. With CSS, you can also make responsive websites that can change layout and styles according to the device resolution and orientation so that users have a seamless experience while using your website on devices of any size. CSS allows you to style multiple elements at once. It uses tag, class, and id selectors to target HTML elements that we want to style. We can then use these selectors to write style rules containing a property name like “font-size”, “background-color”, “margin-left”, etc. and values for these properties.  

3. JavaScript

Now that we have built the layout of our website using HTML and styled it using CSS, the next step is to add “actions” to our websites. This is done using the JavaScript programming language.  It improves the interactivity of your website. You can also create dynamic UI elements using JavaScript. JavaScript adds functionality to your website. For example, opening a menu on click of a button, updating the progress in a progress bar, sending a request containing your username and password to an authentication service after you click on the “Login” button to check if you are an authorized user, etc.  With the help of JavaScript, your website can respond to user activities on the page.  

You may consider HTML, CSS, and JavaScript as an analogy to the body of humans.  The role of the skeleton and the organs is played by HTML. The role of the appearance and looks is played by CSS – height, eye color, hair color, skin color, skin texture, face structure, the shape of the hands, etc. The bodily functions are done using JavaScript – how the digestive system works, how the nervous system works, etc. 

4. DOM Manipulation

Static layout web pages are simple to make with HTML. However, it’s possible that you’ll need to create dynamic web pages with flexible layouts. For instance, you might wish to change an element’s CSS styles only when an event occurs or add, delete, or amend HTML components after the web page has loaded. Using the Document Object Model (DOM) API, a collection of APIs for managing HTML and styling data, you can dynamically modify your website. DOM manipulation can be done using JavaScript.  

5. How the Web Works

You should have a fundamental understanding of the web and the various online communication protocols if you want to work as a front-end developer. It is beneficial to have a fundamental understanding of how the internet operates, how clients and servers communicate, what the Domain Name Server (DNS) does, and what the assets and code files that make up a website are. Although it is not necessary to fully understand all communication protocols, even a rudimentary understanding of them will help you create safe websites, which are essential in today’s world. It’s a good idea to be familiar with the secure communication protocols HTTPS and SSL.

6. Responsive Design

Responsive Web Design means creating websites that can be used on all types and sizes of devices. In today’s time where people use websites from all devices like laptops, large-screen computers, tablets, and mobile phones, it becomes of utmost importance to develop responsive interfaces. This can be done using CSS Media Queries, where the style and layout of the web page change as per the device and screen size. Responsive Design automatically resizes, hides, shrinks or enlarges the components on a website.   

Top Skills A Front-End Developer Should Have

Front-end development is definitely a creative aspect of web development. We’ll go over the abilities and technologies you should be familiar with to become a front-end web developer now that you’ve reviewed the roadmap above.

1. Basic Terminal Usage (Command line)

The terminal is a command-line interface that gives you access to the underlying operating system and allows you to execute text commands. Regardless of their specialization, all developers need to know how to use a terminal. Because the command line is so important, I strongly advise you to learn how to utilize it. As a front-end developer, the more command-line skills you have, the more productive you will be.

Here are some resources to learn the command line:

2. Git – Version Control

Git is a version control system that allows developers to keep track of their projects’ changes. Git also makes it easier for engineers to work together as a group. Git is required among developers in order to verify that there are no code conflicts.

Here are some resources to learn Git:

3. Github

GitHub is a software development code hosting site. GitHub allows teams to share on projects and also serves as a source of version control. It can be used by groups to work together on a project. For example, if a group of developers wants to create a web application and each member is assigned a task that must be updated on a daily basis while working on the project, Github can assist them in creating a centralized repository where each team member can make updates and manage the code file or repository.

Here are some resources to learn Github:

4. Text Editor / IDE (Integrated development environment)

The text editor is where you will write your code. Having the right text editor can improve your productivity.

There are a lot of IDE to pick from, but let’s look at a few:

  • Visual studio code – visual studio code is the best IDE for front-end development. It works across all operating systems such as macOS, Windows, and Linux. Visual studio code comes with a great deal of extension which helps in improving productivity as a front-end developer.
  • Sublime text – sublime text is also available on macOS, Windows, and Linux. It is fast, easy, and flexible to use.
  • Atom – Atom is an open-source code editor for macOS, Linux, and Windows developed by Github with support for plugins.

5. Web Fundamentals

It is important to understand how the web works before you start learning any technologies. You should learn about things like:

6. HTML, CSS, Sass, Less, JavaScript & TypeScript

To become a front-end web developer, you must first learn the fundamentals of the web, such as what a server is and how different programs connect with one another. After learning about networks, clients, servers, and databases, you can move on to coding, which is the foundation of web development.

The coding languages that are used to build a client-side source code consist of HTML, CSS, Sass, LeSS, JavaScript, and TypeScript.

  • HTMLHyperText Markup Language is the foundation of every website. It is a markup language that is used to display web pages in a web browser. HTML is a simple language to learn and use. You can make a simple website with HTML. HTML is the markup language that describes the content of a web page and is then performed by the browser. Text, photos, videos, audio, forms, layouts, and much more can all be added to a web page using HTML.
  • Cascading Style Scripts, or CSS, is a styling language for HTML. While HTML informs the browser about the information, CSS determines how that content should be displayed. CSS positioning, grid, box model, flexbox, and responsive design are some of the core CSS concepts you’ll learn.
  • Sass: Syntactically Awesome Style Sheets is a preprocessor stylesheet language compiled to CSS. Sass is an extension to CSS and is compatible with all versions of it. Sass offers features that don’t exist in CSS, like mixins, functions, variables, nested rules, partials, modules, and so on. It helps in organizing large stylesheets while making it easier to share designs across projects.
  • LeSSLeaner Style Sheets is a preprocessor backward-compatible language compiled into CSS. It is influenced by Sass and facilitates reusable, manageable, and customizable style sheets. LeSS looks similar to CSS, so learning it will be easier. It has only added a few conveniences to CSS, i.e, variables, nesting, nested at-rules & bubbling, operations, escaping, calc() exceptions, functions, and much more.
  • JavaScriptJavaScript or JS, is a lightweight and renderable programming and scripting language, developed for network-centric applications. It can be used in front-end and back-end development. It aids in the development of visually beautiful, quick, and dynamic websites. You can use JS to create things such as interactive animations and maps. The syntax of Javascript, DOM manipulation, the concept of closure, scope, async-await, hoisting, shadow DOM, event bubbling & prototype, and fetching APIs are just a few of the fundamentals to understand.
  • TypeScriptTypeScript is an open-source programming language that is a superset of JavaScript. It is purely object-oriented and offers optional static typing, interfaces, and classes that are later compiled into JavaScript for execution. TypeScript allows IDEs to provide a richer environment for identifying common errors while writing the code.

Here are some resources to learn HTML:

Here are some resources to learn CSS:

Here are some resources to learn JavaScript:

7. CSS & JavaScript Frameworks

Web frameworks are a collection of files and directories that include standardized code and are used as a starting point for developing a website or web app. It improves front-end programming integration and development. With so many frameworks to select from, it can be difficult to figure out which one is best for your needs. So, here’s a list of CSS and JavaScript frameworks that you should think about learning.

CSS Frameworks

JavaScript Frameworks

8. Version Control System

Version control is the process of managing and tracking changes to a web application’s source code. A version control system is a software application that aids developers in tracking and managing code change over time while also revealing who made which modifications. For each contributor who makes modifications to the code, a distinct branch is formed, but the changes are not merged into the source code until it has been analyzed. The version control system improves project speed through cooperation, increases productivity, minimizes the likelihood of disagreements and errors, and aids in the recovery of code in the event of an accident.

Some of the top-rated version control systems that you can learn are:

9. Package managers

Users can use a package manager to install, update, configure, and manage software packages and product dependencies. NPM and Yarn are two examples of package management. It is recommended that you learn the basics of one of them.

10. Accessibility

The process of making your website more visible to everyone is known as web accessibility. Front-end development is incomplete without consideration for web accessibility. It is critical that you construct web pages with accessibility in mind as a front-end developer. There are no limitations for anyone when you develop with accessibility in mind. People with disabilities, slow Internet connections, vision impairments, and hearing impairments can easily access all of the content on the website.

11. Performance

According to MDN, web performance is all about making websites fast, including making slow processes seem fast. One of the metrics that a good website/web application should meet is fast page rendering.

Web performance refers to how long it takes for an application to be rendered in the browser as well as how responsive it is to user interaction. For a better user experience, it is recommended that developers adopt different web optimization techniques. This includes using a Content Delivery Network (CDN) which is a strategically distributed web server that delivers content to users based on location. Another option is to use image compressing tools like image optic to reduce image sizes without compromising their quality.

12. Progressive Web Apps

Progressive Web Apps or PWAs are web apps that are built and improved using modern web browser APIs. PWAs take advantage of both native and web apps functionalities. It offers enhanced reliability, capabilities, and integration to reach anyone, anywhere, on any device with just one codebase. So learning more about will help you in designing a more functional web app.

13. Responsive Web Design

The process of making your website accessible to everyone is known as web accessibility. Front-end development is incomplete without attention to web accessibility. It is critical that you construct web pages with accessibility in mind as a front-end developer. There are no limitations for anyone when you develop with accessibility in mind. People with disabilities, slow Internet connections, vision impairments, and hearing impairments can easily access all of the content on the website.

14. Package Manager

A package manager is a program that automates the installation, configuration, management, and removal of software packages and product dependencies. You should be familiar with the package manager’s basics and at least one of its tools.

Some popular package manager tools out there consist of:

15. Server-Side Rendering

Server-side rendering (SSR), is the ability of an application to contribute by displaying the web page on the server instead of rendering it in the browser. The Server-side sends a fully rendered page to the client; the client’s JavaScript bundle takes over and allows the SPA framework to operate.

16. Static Site Generator

Static site generators are a type of publishing tool that consists of a set of tools for creating static webpages from a set of input files. They use data and information to populate templates, resulting in a page view that can be served to site users.

The following are some best static site generators:

17. Mobile Application

  • Front-end development for mobile application

The front end interacts directly with the user in this case, incorporating design components like wireframes, mockups, caching, and database synchronization. It provides a consistent user experience across a wide range of screen sizes and orientations.

  • Below are some helpful frameworks for mobile app development.

Flutter
React Native
Nativescript
Ionic

  • Technical Aspects of Front-End Development

i. Native App Development
ii. Cross-Platform Mobile Application Development

Both Native and Cross-platform mobile apps come with their own pros and cons. Where native leads in terms of interface, performance, reliability, and speed. Whereas Cross-platform holds an edge in terms of the marketplace, cost, and reusability. However, it’s your choice and your business concern to choose the platform.

18. Desktop Application

  • Enjoy the benefits of mobile and tablet applications, you simply cannot ignore PC and desktop programs. Because many consumers still find that using a PC is a superior way to explore applications and websites. It’s just that desktop programs have their own set of advantages…!! Isn’t that the case…?
  • So, the following are the Useful frameworks for desktop app development which you can use.

Electron
NW.js
Proton
Neutralino.js
DeskGap

19. Web Assembly

  • WebAssembly is an open standard that defines a portable binary-code format for executable programs, and a corresponding textual assembly language, as well as interfaces for facilitating interactions between such programs and their host environment.
  • It has huge implications for the web platform. It provides a way to run code written in multiple languages on the web at near-native speed, with client apps running on the web that previously couldn’t have done so.
  • You can visit the following articles for further details.

Webassembly
What is webassebly- The next generation web platform

20. Keep Learning

So, after going through this guide, you can kickstart your journey as a frontend web developer for sure. Although, learning is the only key to success. For that, you have to practice and learn consistently.

We have mentioned some relevant articles above which you can refer to for details and some basics. We highly recommend you to go through them.

Here is a complete guide that you can go through Front-end Developer Handbook 2019 – Learn the entire JavaScript, CSS and HTML development practice!

The following are some excellent courses for front end developers:

Master Front-end using these awesome tools

Front-end development refers to developing the part of a computer system or application with which the user interacts directly.
If you are a front-end developer, full-stack developer, aspiring front-end developer or a creature that can breathe and read this — this post is for you!

Got seatbelts? Let’s go

1. Coolers

Provide you a color scheme generator along with many awesome trending color schemes!

2. ColorBox

Lets you create your own color scheme with a whole variety of tools!

3. Adobe Color

Spin the color wheel, learn more about colors by playing with them, and find a plethora of amazingly lovely color schemes all in one place!

4. Wordmark

Type in your sentence/word and scroll to see how it will look in web safe fonts!

5. PNGtoSVG

Simply convert your png to svg and use it in your projects.

6. CSS3 Generator

Provides perfect CSS3 code that works on every browser!

7. CSS Filters

Apply filters using the tools and use what please you.

8. Fancy Border Generator

If you’re tired of the same old border radiuses, try making some creative borders for your divs, buttons, or any other element you like!

9. Blob Maker

Blobs give your website a blobby, charming appearance. Make them with this fantastic tool and have a blobby good time.

10. Blob Maker 2

One more blob creator. This one is pretty cool too! I use both

11. Get Waves

Create wavy website using this great tool.

12. Clippy

The best clipping tool I use most. Helps create really nice clip paths! 

You’re All Set

I hope this article gave you the idea of what steps you can follow to become a front end developer, and good luck on your journey to become an awesome Front End Developer! 

Keep in mind that this roadmap to become front end developer is merely a guideline for learning, not concrete rules. The web tools and technologies keep on changing and it is essential to keep yourself up-to-date and update your skills. You can always choose the learning path that matches your schedule, finances, and skill level after doing your own research too! 

What type of skill sets is needed to be a front end developer?

Front-end development is a term used to describe the process of developing and working on the user interface for a website or application. In order to be a successful front-end developer, you will need to possess a variety of skill sets. Below, we outline the most common ones that are needed in order to be successful as a front-end developer.

  • Front-end development skills typically include web development, design, and coding expertise.
  • A strong understanding of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript is necessary.
  • A good eye for detail is essential, as the user interface of a website or application is often heavily customized.
  • Likewise, good communication and teamwork skills are also required as front end development teams are usually large.

Who uses Front End Development

Front End Development is used by companies of all sizes and industries. Some of the most common uses include:

  • Websites (Small to Large)
  • Mobile Apps
  • E-Commerce Stores
  • Corporate Applications
  • Educational Institutions 

Front-end Developer Salary

The national average salary for Front End Developer is $87,240 per year in the United States. Filter by location to see Front End Developer salaries in your area. Salaries estimates are based on 3787 salaries submitted anonymously to Glassdoor by Front End Developer employees. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  • How do I become a front-end developer?

To become a front-end developer, you need to know the basics – HTML, CSS, and Javascript. These are the minimum requirements to become a front-end developer, so you need to be strong in these skills. You can choose to skip learning some of the above-mentioned skills but try to build projects using the skills you have learned. Practice will make you a good front-end developer.

  • Is there a future for front-end developers?

Definitely! We cannot imagine our life without the internet which is why companies are building more and more websites. Not only companies are looking for front end developers to build their websites, but also to enhance their existing websites. In 2021, there were more than 6000 job openings listed on Indeed for front-end developers.

  • Do I need to know all the above skills to become a front-end developer?

No, the above front end dev roadmap is just a recommendation. You need not follow all the exact steps in the same order. You can choose to skip certain skills if your job doesn’t require knowing them.  

  • What are the skills a front-end developer should have?

As mentioned, a web developer can utilize core technologies like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Markup languages such as HTML (HyperText Markup Language) and CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) are crucial for your website to be built. 

You should choose a candidate proficient with JavaScript, as this language is created to promote user interactions like video and audio, animations, etc. 

However, due to the increasing complexity of online projects, hardly one employs ‘basic’ JavaScript anymore. As a result, various JavaScript frameworks have emerged, allowing us to build big, rich front-end apps more quickly and easily. AngularJS, ReactJS, BackboneJS, and other frameworks are among the most popular.

A skilled web developer is also familiar with version control, which allows for the tracking of changes made to the website files, usually using GitHub. A front-end developer’s knowledge of AJAX, JSON, and Websocket is also essential. The concept of using AJAX with a WebSocket connection is simple. AJAX allows you to transmit and receive JSON data asynchronously from a server without affecting the appearance and behavior of your web page.

A front-end developer uses a variety of different skills to build a beautiful website, including working with Single Page Applications, CMS, Bootstrap and other CSS frameworks, React, SVG, and DOM. As a result, rather than over-indexing their schooling, it’s critical for you as a hiring manager to focus on your next developer’s talents.

  • What are afront-end developer’s  main responsibilities? 

Because a great front-end developer is both a great designer and a solid programmer, their primary tasks are UI and web development. The front-end developer will be the one that uses all of the web development abilities we discussed before to guarantee that user interaction is simple.

A front-end developer is also in charge of writing clean and secure code. Any developer who works with them or will continue coding afterward should be able to understand it easily. Similarly, your developer is normally in charge of code testing, optimization, and website security.

A decent front-end developer should also be good in project management or at least understand how Agile project management works.

You should look into each candidate’s soft skills in addition to their development skills. Your front-end developer should be a true believer in the profession and an excellent team player. Remember that communication between your front-end developer and other team members (such as the back-end developer or the project manager) will be continuous and critical to the success of your website.

In our current reality, one more important skill is the ability to work in a remote team and organize their time themselves.

Conclusion

Becoming a front-end developer in 2022 and entering the IT world, it’s the best investment you can make.

Remember that a self-made project is worth tens of projects made by following a tutorial. In this roadmap, I’ve listed the best free resources I’ve found while learning Front-end development.

Showcase your project appropriately in your portfolio, this will be the first thing your customers will look at!

The web is rapidly developing, and with new technology comes new methods and tools. As a result, it is essential to stay current with the latest trends and technology and to never stop learning.

It doesn’t mean that what you have learned so far will be of no use. Your basic knowledge will always be an advantage for your career. But you must keep updating your skills for better growth. But, before making your decision on becoming a front-end developer, you can also check the Java developer roadmap.

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