Complete Full Stack Web Developer Roadmap

When it comes to professional adaptability in today’s environment, no one better represents the phrase “versatile” than a Full Stack Developer. Full Stack Developers are the multi-talented specialists that every organization and brand seeks. They are well-versed in both frontend and backend web development.

Since the start of the digital era, an increasing number of businesses and organizations have used their websites to establish an unique online presence. Naturally, the field of web development is expanding at an unprecedented rate, resulting in a significant increase in the need for experienced and talented Full Stack Developers. If you consider doing full stack web development course to upskill yourself, check out upGrad & IIIT-B’s PG Diploma in Full-stack Software Development which has placement assurance or money back guarantee. 

There are many paths that you can take to become a full stack web developer, ranging from self-taught or specific training to learning on your own. Find out which path is right for you and how it prepares you for a long and successful career in the tech industry.

What Is a Full Stack Developer?

In order to become a successful full stack developer, it is important to first understand what the role entails. A full stack developer is responsible for both the front-end and back-end development of a website or web application. This means they must have a strong understanding of both the front-end technologies (such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript) and back-end technologies (such as PHP, MySQL, and Apache).

The term “full stack” can also refer to the technology stack that a full stack developer uses. A typical technology stack for a full stack developer would include:

Front-end Technologies: HTML, CSS, JavaScript
Back-end Technologies: PHP, MySQL, Apache
Web Server: Apache or Nginx
Operating System: Linux

Becoming a successful full stack developer requires a lot of hard work and dedication. However, it is also an extremely rewarding career choice, as you will be able to build websites and applications from start to finish – and see them through to success.

In this blog, you will find a complete fullstack developer roadmap . It is the go-to guide for organizing and selecting technologies to learn.

This post will mostly assist newbies, but it will also be beneficial to experienced coders who want to become full-stack web developers. If you’re already familiar with some of the technologies we’ll discuss, skip to the sections that will be most beneficial to you. Feel free to modify this plan to meet your specific requirements.

Why Should I Be a Full Stack Developer?

The answer to this question is simple: because you can. And, because you can, you should.

Why? Because being a full stack developer gives you a lot of power and flexibility. You’re not limited to working on just the front-end or the back-end of a website or application – you can do both. This means that you can take on more responsibility for a project, and see it through from start to finish. It also means that you’re more valuable to potential employers, as they know they can rely on you to be a one-stop shop when it comes to web development.

In short, if you want to be a successful web developer, being a full stack developer is the way to go.

Pros and Cons of Full Stack Development

There are many benefits to becoming a full stack web developer. With this title, you will have a greater understanding of how web applications are built from start to finish. You will be able to work on both the front-end and back-end development of web applications, giving you a well-rounded skillset that will make you very attractive to employers.

However, there are also some drawbacks to becoming a full stack web developer. Because you will be responsible for both the front-end and back-end development, you will need to have a very good understanding of both sets of technologies. This can be difficult to achieve if you are not already familiar with web development. Additionally, because you will be responsible for both the front-end and back-end development, you will need to be able to manage your time efficiently and work on multiple projects simultaneously.

How do You Become a Full Stack Web Developer?

There are a few key things that you need to do in order to become a successful full stack web developer. Firstly, you need to have a strong understanding of both front-end and back-end development. Secondly, you need to be able to work well with others, as full stack development often requires collaboration. Finally, you need to be proactive and always be learning, as the technology landscape is constantly changing.

If you have these qualities, then you are well on your way to becoming a successful full stack web developer!

Required Skills for Becoming a Full Stack Web Developer

In order to become a successful full stack web developer, you will need to have a strong understanding and working knowledge of both back-end and front-end development technologies.

On the back-end, you should be comfortable working with server-side scripting languages (like PHP, Ruby on Rails), as well as database technologies (such as MySQL, MongoDB). You should also have a basic understanding of web hosting and server administration.

On the front-end, you should be proficient with HTML, CSS and JavaScript. You should also have experience using one or more JavaScript frameworks (such as AngularJS, ReactJS, VueJS). In addition, it would be beneficial to have experience with graphic design tools (such as Adobe Photoshop, Sketch) and UX/UI design principles.

Having strong problem-solving skills is also essential for becoming a successful full stack web developer. You will need to be able to debug issues that arise during development, as well as come up with creative solutions to complex problems.

Finally, it is important to have good communication skills and be able to work collaboratively with others on a team. As a full stack web developer, you will often be working with designers, marketers,

Basic languages to learn

HTML– HyperText Markup Language is the most basic and must know for any website you are creating. You define and structure the content of a website.

CSS– CSS is used for styling websites and adding layouts, fonts and colours. 

Javascript– JavaScript is a just-in-time compiled programming language. It helps in adding dynamic features to your website. This is used for both front end and back end operations.

Front-end frameworks

roadmap for full-stack development in 2021

BootStrap– BootStrap is an open-source framework for creating mobile-first, responsive websites. HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are all used. It allows you to create a website more quickly and simply. It supports JavaScript plugins and includes design templates for forms, buttons, tables, and navigation, among other things.

AngularJS– This a structural framework for dynamic web apps. The JavaScript-based open source web framework is maintained by Google and a community of corporations and individuals. They solve problems using a single-page application. It allows HTML to be used as a template language. Its data linkage and dependence significantly minimize the amount of code necessary.

ReactJS– Facebook and a collection of corporations, as well as individual people, maintain a JavaScript library. React is ideal for retrieving and recording rapidly changing data. It’s used to create single-page application user interfaces. It allows users to develop UI components that may be reused.

VueJS– This is yet another open-source JavaScript framework for single page applications and UIs. It is very compact in size and high on performance. The best option for new coders, it offers hand-picked the choicest features of other frameworks like Angular and React. It is known as the most approachable framework today. 

Backend Frameworks

Back end devloper

To design an application, developers require a back-end framework. It’s a dynamic application’s scripting side. Back-end frameworks come in a variety of shapes and sizes.

The table below summarizes the best backend framework for web development and continue reading to find granular information about each framework.

Express– Express.js is a Node.js framework for building web applications. It is a NodeJS module. It may be utilized in programs that are built on servers that listen for client connection requests. Single-page, multi-page, and hybrid web applications may all benefit from it. It’s quick, simple to use, and forceful.

NodeJS– NodeJS is an open-source, cross-platform in nature that runs across various platforms. it is a JavaScript runtime environment that executes JavaScript outside a browser.

Django– Django is a high-level Python web framework that follows model-template-view architecture. It is used to simplify the creation of complex, database-driven websites. It is fast and promotes a clean design. 

Ruby on Rails– Ruby on Rails is a Ruby language-based server-side web application framework. It provides default database, web service, and web page architectures. The architecture is model-view-controller. This is a somewhat difficult idea to grasp since you must understand various, distinct concepts.

Other Programming Languages

1. Python

Python is perhaps the most user-friendly programming language of any on this list. It’s often said that Python’s syntax is clear, intuitive, and almost English-like, which, like Java, makes it a popular choice for beginners.

2. PHP

PHP is one of the most popular programming languages for web development. Despite stiff competition from other languages like as JavaScript and Python, there is still a significant need for PHP developers in the market today. PHP is also a dynamic and general-purpose programming language that is used to create server-side applications. It is supported by an open-source platform that runs on Macs, UNIX systems, and Windows computers.

3. Go

Go is the little language that could, and it’s one of Google’s core languages. Go is a suitable low-level language for engineers who wish to work in the field of systems development. It has a lot of the same features as C and C++, but without the complicated syntax and steep learning curve. It’s ideal for creating web servers, data pipelines, and even machine-learning applications.

4. Java

Java is a powerful object-oriented programming language that can be used to create Android apps as well as desktop and online applications. It is a platform-independent multi-purpose programming language that has been widely utilized in a variety of organizations for decades. Because of its stability, it has been accepted by the majority of businesses. It’s one of the greatest languages for Web development in 2022, and you should study it.

Database system

In today’s scenario, there are tons of databases. Each company develops its own databases according to their requirements. 

The objective of this roadmap is to learn and become a database administrator.

MySQL, SQLite, Postgres– These are Relational Database management systems, and the data is stored in table-like schemes. This is good for storing business data. These use SQL

MongoDB, Cassandra, Apache storm, Sphinx– These are the NoSQL databases. Their only commonality is that they do not use a relational database scheme. This type of database covers a wide range of technologies and can be used to find key-value DB, graph DBs, streaming DBs etc.,

VoltDB and MemSQL– These are a new kind of database, the NewSQL. They follow the relational scheme but instead of disks, they use memory. the advantage is that they outperform the traditional RDBMS but the limited amount of memory available is definitely a downside to this type of database.

Additional skills recommended for full-stack web development


Git is the most widely used distributed version control system, and it is both quick and efficient. It can manage tasks of all sizes, from little to very large. It’s used to keep track of any modifications made to any code saved in its repository, as well as to coordinate amongst programmers. Before you begin, learn the fundamentals of git. As the most extensively used code repository, GitHub is a must-know for any aspiring programmer. In the full-stack learning course, a GitHub roadmap is essential.

Machine Learning

A subset of AI, machine learning is now being incorporated into various industries. It has entered the web development field in addition to being part of big data. This provides the ability to learn and improve without being explicitly programmed. ML is a good-to-learn skill for a full stack web developer.

Web Hosting Platforms

Web hosting platforms allow you to deploy your product on a cloud service provider so we can access it from the WWW. Popular ones are Amazon web services, Google cloud platform, Heroku, and Microsoft Azure.


Secure shell protocol is used to operate network services securely over an unsecured network. SSH provides a secured remote login from one computer to another. It ensures the privacy and integrity of data.


The HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is the protocol that the internet uses. It specifies how messages are sent and what actions web servers and browsers conduct in response to commands. The secure version of HTTP is HTTPS. Transport Layer Security is used to encrypt the communication protocol. It protects against eavesdropping and man-in-the-middle attacks.

Linux command

line basic-Although it is not mandatory that you possess this skill, it is good to know about Linux. It is not necessarily easy or hard to learn. Linux makes the job easier and saves a lot of time by organizing items on the back-end

Data structures and algorithms

An algorithm is a broad approach methodology for solving a problem or demand, whereas data structures are distinct ways of storing data. These are principles that every programmer should be familiar with. These aren’t essential talents, but the more intuitive you are with them, the easier it will be to solve problems and add needs. The effects may be seen in an application’s efficiency, scalability, and performance. These courses will be extremely beneficial to you as a full stack developer.

.Net and framework

.Net framework is used for building both web and server based applications. .Net roadmap is vital for industry standards. is a subset of .net and is used primarily for simplifying dynamic pages on a website. Its roadmap is equally important in the front-end and back-end development.

Character encoding

Character encoding is a must learn if you are planning on developing global applications. If there is no proper character encoding, you might end up with unreadable text on display, and the data will not be properly processed and your content may not be found by search engines. 

Web Architecture

The technical, functional, and visual components of a website are all planned and designed as part of the website architecture (before it is deployed). It’s a tool that website designers and developers use to create and develop websites. As a result, full stack development and web architecture go hand in hand – full stack developers must understand how back end data is arranged in order to effectively produce a strong unified product, as well as how to divide files and where to do certain computational activities.

Critical Thinking

Web development is nearly synonymous with high-level problem solving — meaning that developers are usually expected to be skilled critical thinkers. A development project can often present an array of challenges, from software limitations to back end bugs, and developers should be prepared to navigate these matters with a comprehensive, solution-oriented mentality, improvising and trying unconventional approaches when necessary. Such thinking not only helps bring a project to fruition, but can also drive the growth of the collective web development team, setting a standard of tenacity and innovation for future projects.


In web development, patience is a natural complement to critical thought. When troubleshooting and testing experimental ideas, developers should stay cool and proactive (both with themselves and with their teammates). A solution to a difficult problem isn’t always obvious right away, and a little patience may help keep these efforts going and lead to a breakthrough. This ability is especially vital for novice developers, who will frequently require more time to establish themselves in the business.


Another important soft skill that full stack developers must have in order to do their jobs properly is communication. Developers may need to collaborate with customers, coders, domain managers, and other internal departments on any given day as they negotiate their own duties — and since some of these people may not be as tech-savvy as others, clarity and openness are essential. Web development is frequently a team endeavor, and cultivating this mindset may help new full stack engineers and their colleagues achieve long-term success.

Tools and Technologies Used by Full Stack Developers

As a full stack developer, you will need to be comfortable working with a wide range of tools and technologies. Here are some of the most popular ones:

Web development frameworks such as Laravel, Ruby on Rails and Express.js.
-Content management systems (CMS) such as WordPress, Drupal and Joomla.
-Programming languages like PHP, Java, Python and Node.js.
-Databases such as MySQL, MongoDB and Cassandra.
-Web servers like Apache and Nginx.
Version control systems (VCS) like Git and SVN.

The Best Full Stack Development Projects to Tackle

As a full stack web developer, you have a lot of responsibility on your shoulders. Not only do you need to be able to code in multiple languages, but you also need to be able to manage databases, design user interfaces, and oversee the overall development process from start to finish.

With so much responsibility, it can be tough to know where to start when tackling a new project. That’s why we’ve put together a list of the best full stack development projects to help you get started on the path to success.

  • Build a CRUD Application with PHP and MySQL

One of the best ways to learn full stack development is by building a CRUD (Create, Read, Update, Delete) application with PHP and MySQL. This type of application is commonly used for managing data in databases, so it’s a great way to get familiar with both back-end and front-end development.

  • Create a Dynamic Website with Django

If you’re looking for a challenge, try creating a dynamic website with Django. This powerful Python framework can be used for everything from building simple websites to complex web applications.

  • Small Business Website

One of the best ways to get started in full stack development is by working on a small business website. These types of projects usually have a limited scope, which makes them perfect for learning the ropes of full stack development.

Plus, working on a small business website gives you the opportunity to learn about different aspects of web development, from design and user experience (UX) to back-end coding and database management.

  • E-Commerce Website

If you’re looking for a more challenging project, an e-commerce website is a great option. These types of websites require a strong understanding of multiple disciplines, including front-end development, back-end development, and database management.

Additionally, e-commerce websites often need to be highly scalable.

Responsibilities of a Full Stack Developer

  • Development of front-end – With the help of HTML/CSS and JavaScript frameworks and libraries, the developer must be able to build interactive user interfaces. 
  • Design the application’s backend – He must be able to create a solid backend architecture for retrieving data from the servers.
  • Creating databases and servers – These systems must be resilient to outages and must function endlessly. 
  • Ensuring Cross Platform compatibility – Applications must run smoothly on all operating systems like Windows, MacOS, and Linux. 
  • API development is the responsibility of the developer, depending on the application architecture. These APIs are responsible for operations such as retrieving data from the server.Fulfill all technical and consumer criteria – The developer must be able to create responsive apps that meet the needs of customers and keep them engaged.

Career Paths in Full Stack Web Development

There are many different career paths that a full stack web developer can take. The most common path is to become a web developer for a company that specializes in web development. There are also many freelance opportunities available for full stack web developers.

Some full stack web developers choose to specialize in one area of web development, such as front-end development or back-end development. Others choose to become generalists and have a working knowledge of all aspects of web development.

Whichever path you choose to take, there are a few things that will help you succeed as a full stack web developer:

Firstly, it is important to have a strong foundation in the basics of web development. This means having a good understanding of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

Secondly, it is helpful to have experience with different programming languages and frameworks. Knowing how to code in PHP, Ruby on Rails, and Node.js will give you a leg up when it comes to full stack web development.

Finally, it is important to be able to work well with others. Full stack web developers often need to collaborate with designers, project managers, and other developers. Having good communication skills and being able to work well in.

Places to Find Jobs as a Full Stack Web Developer

There are many places to find jobs as a Full Stack Web Developer. The most common place to find these types of jobs is on job boards or online job sites. However, there are also many companies that list their full stack web developer positions on their own websites.

Some of the most popular job boards and online job sites for full stack web developers include:

  • Indeed
  • Monster
  • Dice
  • CareerBuilder
  • Glassdoor

In addition to job boards and online job sites, another great way to find full stack web developer jobs is through networking. Many times, companies will not list their full stack web developer positions publicly, but will instead rely on word-of-mouth or personal recommendations from trusted sources. Therefore, it’s important to network with other full stack web developers, as well as other professionals in the industry, in order to hear about new job openings.

Some of the best places to network with other full stack web developers include:

  • LinkedIn
  • Twitter
  • GitHub
  • Stack Overflow

How much does a Full Stack Developer make?

In the United States, the national average compensation for a Full Stack Developer is $112,000. To discover Full Stack Developer salaries in your region, filter by location. Glassdoor has 3,512 Full Stack Developer salaries provided anonymously by Full Stack Developer workers.

Frequently Asked Questions

Here are the most frequently asked questions on Full Stack Developer.

  • Can I become a Full Stack Developer without any experience?

Yes, even if you have no prior experience, you can become a full-stack developer. Your odds of standing out from the crowd, on the other hand, will be determined by the amount of talents you have gained, such as HTML, CSS, Python, Database Management System basics, Ruby, Laravel, PHP, and so on.

  • What do you need to know to become a full-stack developer?

To become a full-stack developer, you must have a thorough grasp of front-end, back-end, and database programming. A full-stack developer is a member of the development team who is familiar with all three major aspects of web development.

  • For the front-end, you need to have skills like HTML, CSS, JavaScript, etc., and Basic Designing skills.
  • For Back-end, you need to have basic knowledge of languages like python, PHP, Ruby, etc, and working with web protocols like HTTP, SOAP, etc., and architectural style REST.
  • For Databases, have a proficient understanding of storage system servers like MySQL, Oracle, etc.
  • Which Full Stack is best?

MERN(MongoDB, Express, React, Node) Stack is commonly used by developers and companies these days. However, as a full-stack developer, you should keep knowledge of all different stacks like LAMP(Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP.) Stack, Django Stack etc, as every company has different demands and priorities.

  • Is a full-stack developer a good career?

Yes, if you want to work on both the front-end and back-end of a product application, being a full-stack developer is a smart choice. Employers are more eager to recruit such skilled people with numerous skill sets in today’s world. A full-stack developer’s professional path is littered with possibilities for learning and advancement.

  • How long does it take to become a full-stack developer?

To gain a basic knowledge of full-stack development, you’ll need at least 3-6 months. Although the learning period is never etched in stone, it is determined by your learning capacity and willingness to upskill.

  • Is a full-stack developer in demand?

Yes, full-stack development is quite in demand for its diversified role and proficiency in different skill sets.


To summarize, Full Stack Developers are highly trained professionals that can handle all aspects of web development. These abilities set Full Stack Developers apart from Frontend and Backend Developers.

“Happy Coding”

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