The goal of DevOps is to change and strengthen the connection between development and IT operations by encouraging improved communication and collaboration. Although it appears to be a straightforward task, a DevOps engineer must do much more to effectively deploy the code and connect the two units together.
From the basics of day to day skills needed to cope with the pressures of DevOps, comes technical skills each and every engineer must qualify in. Apart from having a burning passion for scripting and coding, DevOps engineers must be open-minded and collaborative to carry out the process successfully.
CBR has devised a list of all the qualities that should be in the job description next time your company is hiring a DevOps engineer.
Let’s dive into seven important DevOps skills and how to learn them!
1. Cloud computing environments (AWS, Azure, GCP)
DevOps engineers need to know at least one cloud computing platform. The most popular are Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, Rackspace, Google Cloud Platform (GCP), or Oracle Cloud.
These cloud platforms include services that help DevOps engineers fulfill a variety of jobs (e.g., managing infrastructure, deploying application code, automating software release processes, monitoring infrastructure performance).
➡️ How to learn it:
- Introduction to Cloud Computing on Amazon AWS for Beginners on Udemy
- There are also AWS certifications you can prepare for and take to prove your skills to employers. Amazon’s AWS DevOps Engineering Learning Plan can help you prepare you for the AWS Certified DevOps Engineer – Professional certification exam
2. Continuous Integration and Delivery (CI/CD) concepts
The CI/CD DevOps concepts enable you to deploy apps to clients on a regular basis while automating and monitoring them. It basically implies that fresh code changes are built, tested, and merged into a shared repository on a frequent basis, rather than waiting until everything is finished and delivered all at once.
CI/CD tools you’ll need to know may include GitHub Actions, Travis CI, Jenkins, TeamCity, or CircleCI, depending on what the company uses.
➡️ How to learn it:
- The CI/CD Process free course on Coursera
- Continuous Integration and Continuous Delivery: The Big Picture on Pluralsight
3. Scripting language(s)
Many DevOps roles require scripting experience in Bash, Python, Perl, or PowerShell. Scripting skills in DevOps jobs are needed in order to navigate through devices, software, and servers, and for automating various programming tasks.
➡️ How to learn it: Scripting Essentials for DevOps on Udemy
4. Configuration management
You’ll require experience with configuration management technologies like Ansible, Puppet, or Chef as a DevOps engineer. Configuration management is a method of keeping computer systems, servers, and software in a specified condition. It helps in the identification of any systems that require patching, updating, or reconfiguration in order to achieve the intended state.
➡️ How to learn it: Configuration Management and the Cloud on Coursera
5. Container technologies
Containerization technologies such as Docker, Kubernetes, and Kafka must also be recognizable to DevOps developers. These are the tools that are used to design, deploy, and run containerized applications (i.e., complete packages of software that include everything needed to run an application).
➡️ How to learn it: Introduction to Containers, Kubernetes and OpenShift on edX
6. Git & Git repositories
Git is a version control system that allows programmers to work more collaboratively. It’s a core component of DevOps. You may also need to be familiar with GitLab, GitHub, or Bitbucket, which are web-based Git repositories.
➡️ How to learn it: Version Control with Git on Udacity
7. Linux fundamentals
While DevOps engineers work with a variety of operating systems (Windows, Mac, Linux), Linux is the most used server operating system. Not only that, but the majority of development infrastructure tools are Linux-based. As a result, the bulk of DevOps engineer job descriptions will almost certainly include Linux knowledge.
➡️ How to learn it: Linux Fundamentals on Udemy
Bonus: Soft skills
Soft skills you’ll need as a DevOps engineer include:
- Willingness to learn
Since a DevOps engineer works so closely with other members of the software team, the most key soft skills are about being able to collaborate well with others!
Individuals from various functions work on DevOps to achieve the same goal: rapid, continuous delivery of high-quality code. DevOps engineers are the engine that propels the team forward in this attempt. They are the ones who enable practitioners to efficiently fulfill their customers by using automated tools, testing, orchestration methodologies, and communication.
As the market continues to evolve, it is only natural for the role of the DevOps engineer to grow and absorb more responsibilities — especially from the non-functional bucket, such as security and monitoring analytics. Start by focusing on the skills and responsibilities laid out here and you will find yourself in high demand.
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Thanks for reading, have a nice day 🙂